The Dred Scott Case Of The Civil War

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Though, slavery proved to be one of many problems that caused the outbreak of the Civil War; it was the Dred Scott case that the politics and issues of States’ Rights began to change in the United States. While, the Northern States had put an end to slavery within their boundaries in the early 1800s, this raised a new question that influenced the politics of the nation. With the court’s decision in Dred Scott did the Federal Supreme Court have the power to decide a state’s position on slavery instead of having any say so from the local state governments? To understand the argument between the states on whether the nation should govern a strong central government or some small state governments and how it affected the nation, one must look at the economies and societies in both the Northern and Southern regions of the nation. In the North much of its economy rapidly changed through the region’s industrial development and building of factories making up the states’ source of income. Much of the cultural society in the North had blended the various ideas that had been brought through emigrates from Europe. Bruce Catton states that this affirms the reason why the North became dependent on the Federal Government for assistance and protection. Nevertheless, the culture and economy in the Southern States was drastically different from that in the North. The conservative society of the South relied heavily on agriculture, which did not require factoring or a push for industrialization among the economy in the South. Another difference in the South was the states did not develop large cities as in the North, which affected economic and industrial growth. The population in the South did not see the immigration that made up those that inha... ... middle of paper ... ...that the North faced was in their military leadership, such generals like George McClellan or Joseph Hooker were highly respected by the men they commanded, but refused to take full advantage of their military advantage over the South. During the Peninsula Campaign, McClellan held his army’s advance towards Richmond to build fortifications against a weaker Confederate force at Yorktown. With McClellan’s choice to not take the risk of fighting an enemy that he could have defeated, his progress to Richmond had been delayed for a month, allowing Lee to build up fortifications around the capital and gain reinforcements from Jackson’s army. Despite, their failures the North’s ability to move from the nation’s foundational roots militarily, politically, economically, and socially helped them achieve victory, bringing the nation back together, and change the United States.

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