The United States strongly underestimated the power and desire that the North Vietnamese had to gain control and preserve communism. It was thought that the US presence in Vietnam was required to contain the communist influence from living up to the expectations of the Domino Theory. The Domino Theory resulted from the Cold War and stated that if one country was to fall under the communist regime, soon neighboring countries would fall. At the time France was fighting to gain back control of Vietnam as it was beginning to feel resistance from small guerrilla groups known as the Viet Kong, so America saw it as its duty to help out their French allies by giving money and supplying weapons. America believed this was necessary in order to help the French keep control of Vietnam and never fall to Communism.
United States' Involvement in Vietnam The end of World War Two was the beginning of America's worries about Communism. They feared that it would spread throughout the countries of the world. Because of this President Truman made the Truman Doctrine. This said that America would help any nation threatened by Communism. He said that he would lead 'containment' in the spread of Communism and the Soviet Unions expansion.
The main reason why America joined was because of a theory called the Domino Effect. America and Russia were going through what has been dubbed the Cold War. The Domino Effect is the theory that communism will spread form one country to another. United states does not want this because our government is a democracy and communism opposes everything we stand for. America fearing communism was growing, stepped into Vietnam with America’s interest in mind, instead of Vietnam’s.
In retrospect, well after WWII, the United States had feared that there would be a WWIII. "The US Armys role in Vietnam was to establish a safe environment within which people of South Vietnam could form a government that was independent, stable and freely elected” (Rottman, pg6). At this time many armed attacks and terrorism was going on and this is when Truman adopted a foreign policy called containment... ... middle of paper ... ...ia” (peace broadcast). In conclusion, the Vietnam War was a war that the US shouldn’t have fought. Millions were spent, thousands died, just because of the fear of communism taking over in a Domino effect.
America, from the onset of the war did not have any precise strategies to achieve their goals. Vietnamese leader, Diem noticed this stating, “It was as if the United States could never quiet decide what policy to pursue.” The official reason for US entry was to defeat the Communist threat. President Kennedy stated, “The enemy is the Communist system itself-implacable, insatiable, unceasing in its drive for world domination…” There were two significant faults with this objective. Firstly the Americans assumed that, without evidence, the Vietnamese people would be swung by the power of democracy. Secondly, disputes occurred between the major Communist nations during the Vietnam war: the Sino-Soviet split destroyed the idea of a unified world-wide takeover by Communist nations.
At that time, most American believed in the "Domino Theory", suggesting that if one Asian country fell to the Communist the others would quickly follow. The U.S. government believed that by helping the South Vietnamese government to resist the invasion of the North Vietnam and prevent the spread of communism to throughout the world to stop advance of communist is the only one and most important perspective for American strategy in the Cold War. After the WWII, US government considered that the communism pose a great threat to world peace. For example, communist easily established so-called "Iron Curtain" in the east Europe and overthrew Chang regime in the China and drove out France from Vietnam. Therefore, with France withdrawal from Vietnam, American wants to prevent a Communist takeover as well as reluctance on apart of American presidents to assume of primary responsibility for fighting Vietcong and their North communist Vietnam allies.
The Vietnam War originated as a civil war between the North and South. However, soon enough, the United States would find interest in the Vietnam War. American involvement stemmed from several areas of concern, as Communist North Vietnamese guerilla forces attempted to overthrow the current government in Vietnam. The United States, as a Democratic nation, fears the spread of Communism throughout the world, which has led to the "domino theory." In an interview with Robert Richards, President Dwight D. Eisenhower explained the importance of Indochina to the free world.
The United States saw communism as a threat to their capitalist system. The United States wanted to stop the threat of communism in the world. During the entirety of the Cold War, one can argue that the events that unraveled as a circle effect becaus... ... middle of paper ... ...l goal.” Both parties were wrong in coming to conclusion and misperceiving events rather than sitting face to face and coming up with a solution. During the Cold War, there was misperception and perception between the Soviet Union as well as the United States. The Soviet Union wanted to spread communism and take control of the world; the United States wanted to prevent that.
The USA could not make the already existing communist countries to change but it could stop communism from spreading and stop it in its tracks. It did not want to be the country that allowed communism to win, therefore, using its policy of containment it took every possible route to weaken and demolish it, which is why USAbecame so involved in fighting communism in Vietnam. Bibliography: · Class notes and worksheets · Hindsight magazine · www.bbc.co.uk/education/gcsebitesize (history section) · www.learn.co.uk · www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam · The Cold War by J. Owen
The United States committed troops in Vietnam with the hopes to defend and ideal rather than a finite territory. The war in Vietnam was subject to an unfortunate metaphor for American distaste for communism stemming from an even pettier competition for party domination with attempts by the minority Republicans to blame Truman for China’s fall to communism. Events surrounding the Cold War created a dichotomous “us vs. them” mentality between capitalism and communism. Primarily clinging to the fallible Domino Theory , the American mind thought a country identifying as communist is another enemy power against the United States, regardless of its actual intentions in the international arena . During Kennedy’s campaign, the liberal party attempte... ... middle of paper ... ...Vietnam as recognized by the 1954 Geneva Agreements on Vietnam”, which was the original aim of the Vietcong all along, indirectly admitting US defeat.