The Domesticated Horse

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he horse, Equus ferus caballus, is a subspecies from the family Equidae. Over the past 50 million years, through survival adaptations, the common horse has evolved from a relatively small, multi-toed animal into the large, single toed animal known today (Wilson,. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore).

Domestication of the common horse is believed to have started around 4000 BC, becoming common during the early 3000 BC (Wilson,. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore).

Domestication is a process in which wild species are removed their natural habitat and are acclimatised to surviving and breeding in captive. Animals are domesticated for purposes which, in general, are designed to be beneficial to humans. These reasons commonly include labour, food sources and companionship. Over generations, domestication results in genetic and physiological changes in the organism (Wilson,. Mammal Species of the World (3rd Ed.). Baltimore).

Taming is different to domestication in that tamed animals are born in the wild, removed, trained and the process repeated, while domesticated animals are bred in captivity (Merriam-Webster Dictionary, 2nd Ed).

Although most horses today are domesticated, in certain countries there are endangered populations of wild horses, including the Przewalski’s horse, found in Central Asia (The Foundation for the Preservation and Protection of the Przewalski Horse, 2008).

Depending on mitigating factors such as environment and breed, the domestic horse has a life span of 25-30 years. Horses undergo various stages of development, and a horse may be defined further (Ensminger Horses and Horsemanship pp. 46–50).

A juvenile horse of either sex, under the age of one, is known as a foal...

... middle of paper ..., Sam is much larger and stronger than I, and chooses to let me be his friend in his own will. If he did not want this attention, he has the means to let me know.

Sam is happy when he sees me, and when he hears my voice. He can pick my voice, and my face from a crowed. When I walk towards his paddock and call his name, he will usually come bounding to the gate, overjoyed to receive my attention. In return for what I do for Sam, he gives back to me. Sam tries his best to keep me on his back when I am falling, and always works at his best level when being ridden. He tries to give me everything that I ask, as I do the same for him.

In general, he, and many other domesticated horses are happy and healthy, quite possibly a lot happier and healthier than wild horses. I believe domestication is beneficial to not only humans, but more importantly, to horses as well.
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