The Division of a Country

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There were many reasons for the outbreak of the civil war, a war that fundamentally changed the United States and inspired some of the greatest thinkers to write some inspiring literary works. Many are fascinated by the civil war and want to make sense of what happened. It was a bloody war in which Americans were killing other Americans. The questions and answers brought about during the war would re-shape the American society and provide an answer about the much debated subject of slavery. Each side held a deeply rooted reason for going to war. There are so many factors involved in the reasons behind the war that has captured and fascinated the American’s attention for many years. There were multiple causes of the civil war. A fundamental reason behind the civil war was “uncompromising differences between the free and slave states over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states” (McPherson).This was a heated debate in the government and between the citizens of the United States. Limiting the states that could have slavery would confine the southern states that already permitted slavery therefore making slavery’s expansion impossible. This made the South nervous because the slave population kept growing and without expansion they would soon be greatly outnumbered. Many feared an uprising, especially with the prominence of the abolitionist movement. Abraham Lincoln was elected the first Republican president in 1860, an event that made many southerners nervous. Despite being a moderate republican compared to many devote abolitionists, Lincoln’s victory of the presidency scared the southern states into secession. Lincoln never accepted the Southern states claim of ... ... middle of paper ... ...versial debate. In the end, preservation of the United States was the successful cause and the world saw an end to an outdated institution. Works Cited Blight, David, Perf. The Civil War and Reconstruction Era, 1845-1877. Perf. Blight, David. Open Yale, 2008. Film. < http://oyc.yale.edu/history/civil-war-and-reconstruction/content/sessions.html >. Levine, Robert S. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 7th Edition. Volume B. New York: Norton, 2007. 1696. Print. McPherson, Dr. James. "A Brief Overview of the American Civil War." Civil War Trust. CivilWar.org, 2011. Web. 5 Nov 2011. . "Popular Literature During the Civil War." Encyclopedia Virginia. Encyclopedia Virginia, 06 Nov 2008. Web. 6 Nov 2011. .

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