Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire despite opposition from the Jews, the Romans, and problems with the early church. It is difficult to discuss how Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire, without looking at the relationship between Jews and Christians. Christianity is rooted in Judaism. Judaism is defined as the monotheistic religion of the Jews” (Duiker and Spielvogel 142). It is a Locke 2 belief in the God of Abraham which involves strict rituals and laws.
?As many Gentiles, however, became followers of the Jesus, the religious practices that had maintained the community?s boundaries ? circumcision, dietary laws, the role of the Temple ? were passionately disputed among the believers-in-Jesus.? (Page 139) Another quote taken from the book emphasizes this point even further. ?The communities that eventually became ?Christianity?
The Bible provides the basis for Halakha, a corner stone in Judaism. Along with the Old Testament, the Bible plays a prominent role in the development of Christianity. The Gospels of the New Testament assert Christian ideologies and values which clearly be seen influencing the Western world today. Not only did the Bible affirm Judaism and Christianity, it gave a glimpse into the earliest form of politics in the ancient world. Archeology has advantageously legitimized the historical accuracy of the Bible by producing evidence that coincides with the Bible’s narratives.
To spread to word of Jesus Christ or to advance the Gospel had been the goal of Jesus’ Disciples even before the Crucifixion. However, another important facet of the history of Christianity is the Holy Land, a place considered holy because of its association with the birth, ministry, and crucifixion of Jesus. The Holy Land is also known as the area of Palestine. Notably, Christians, especially those of the Medieval Period, placed high importance on this area and its significance to Christianity, because of the historical implications. However, in the Medieval Christian years the Holy Land had been under Muslim control for centuries prior and restless Christian Leadership in West sought to regain control of Holy Land and spread Christianity.
During that time period, Stoicism became extremely influential in the Roman Empire. It was no longer just a Greek school; it became a semi-official Philosophy for the Roman elite. Throughout this time period, Christianity also began to emerge. Through influential missionaries, like Saint Paul (10-67 CE), Christianity began to spread and gain recognition, despite the fact that the Roman Empire was predominately pagan during the first century. Ironically, many early Christian writings often seem, on the surface, to reflect Stoic philosophy.
Judaism, even though it is an interpretation of the Hebrew religion, it’s different from Hebrew itself. They believed in Messiah, their revelation was the Old Testament, and they used parables as a way of teaching using heroes and villains, flipping their roles to create doubt. Also, Christianity had different interpretations on some aspects of the Hebrew religion. Yet, Christianity became popular and had many contributions to the reason why. At the end, both Judaism and Christianity are interpretations of the Hebrew religion.
Introduction In comparing both Judaism and Christianity it is important first to suggest that both of these religions are variants of one religion and one cannot discuss one without the relationship to the other. The paper will attempt to highlight the similarities’ and differences illustrating the practice of confession in order to establish the relationship between Judaism and Christianity. Discussion will centre on the history of Judaism and the covenant with God, using some biblical references to explore this ritual as a major part of Jewish life. This paper will also consider Christianity and the history of the New Testament and how social and ethical changes took place after the birth of the Messiah and how changes in the new covenant regarding confession changed History of Judaism Firstly, one will discuss the history of Judaism. This religion began in biblical terms with the creation of the world; however ‘the earliest period of this religion is the period of the patriarchs beginning with Abram ... ... middle of paper ... ...s, Lion publishing, Oxford.
The first covenant, Jeremiah indicated, would become null and void because of the sins of the Jewish people. The new covenant would absolve these sins and reaffirm God's fidelity to his people. "This famous prophecy provides the foundation and the core of the central theological teaching of the New Testament," said The Collegeville Bible Commentary on the Old Testament. "It underlies, but without explicit references, much of the 'new life' theology of St. John and is central to the teaching of Jesus in John's Last Supper discourse." (Collegeville 469).
The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls has been hailed by people of many religious and cultural backgrounds as the greatest discovery of manuscripts to be made available to modern scholars in our time and has dramatically altered our understanding of the origins of Christianity. Perhaps the most fundamental reexamination brought about by the Scrolls is that of the Gospel of John. The Fourth Gospel originally accepted as a product of second century Hellenistic composition is now widely accepted as a later first century Jewish writing that may even contain some of the oldest traditions of the Gospels . The discovery of the scrolls has led to the discussion of undeniable and distinct parallels between the ideas of the society at Qumran and those present in the Gospel of John. The study of the Gospel of John can be viewed as distinct and separate from the study of any of the previous three synoptic gospels.
Until years after the resurrection Christianity did not exist, it was simply a branch of Judaism. Jesus was the founder or this sect of Judaism but Paul defines the identitly of Christianity (Dunn, 2011). Many speculate that the letter to Ephesus was pseudonymously written even though... ... middle of paper ... ... 2014). To conclude the research of the letter of Ephesians, it is only reasonable to understand that the author of the epistle may never be determined. Whether the decision is made that Paul did or did not write the letter, it is still known as a Pauline document and corresponds to Paul’s teachings.