He was an Italian mathematician, physicist, and astronomer who observed planets such as moon, Jupiter with telescopes, and contributed modern physics and astronomy’s improvements to the dynamic research. He was also known as father of science, who was in part of the Scientific Revolution. He supported Copernicanism who announced heliocentric theory in the past. His observations about heliocentric theory were one of the biggest issues during 15 century to 16 century. His formulation of inertia, the law of falling bodies, and parabolic trajectories marked the beginning of a fundamental change in the study of motion.
Galileo also made many important contributions to Physics; he discovered that the path of a projectile was a parabola, that objects do not fall with speeds proportional to their weight, and much more. For these discoveries, Galileo is often referred to as the founder of modern experimental science. Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa, Italy on February 15, 1564. Until he was about 10 years old, Galileo lived in Pisa; in 1574 the family moved to Florence where Galileo started his education at Vallombroso, a nearby monastery. In 1581, Galileo went to the University of Pisa to study medicine, the field his father wanted him to peruse.
His manuscript De Revolutionibus created quite a stir, and raised a following among the students he lectured infrequently. "Considered the father of modern astronomy, he completely revolutionized science in the 1500s, giving way to others with radical theories to present them, and be accepted, not rejected." By the time of Copernicus' passing, most of Europe was thirsting for more information. What he contributed to astronomy will not be forgotten, and many new ideas shall rise because of his radical thinking, making him truly worthy of being 'The father of Modern Astronomy," and being placed on Time Magazine's list of the 100 most influential people of the millenia.
He then left the monastery and began with music. While he was not only a great musician but he also was a great mathematician as well as an expert in both Greek and Roman literature. Galileo is most famous for his leading roles in Philosophy and Science. “By nature this great scientist and scholar was bellicose, passionate, spiteful, ruthlessly determined and unscrupulous in his choice of methods.” 3 After Galileo went to study medicine at the University of Pisa at the age of seventeen he then went on to teach mathematics. While at the University of Pisa Galileo discovered the concept of time while watc... ... middle of paper ... ...th the invention of the telescope.
Galileo once said, “The universe cannot be read until we have learnt... ... middle of paper ... ...owledge consisted in observations and experiments. It was Galileo’s work and ideas that paved way for the rise of other great scientists such as Newton, who were able to build onto his theories and progress science to become the science that we know today. Galileo’s work with the telescope, showed the vast possibilities that were able to be explored. In the present day, not only do we have more powerful telescopes, but also the ability to directly explore space (Carhart, 1881).Galileo fought for the acceptance of the heliocentric model of the universe, and even though he didn’t live to see it prosper, thanks to him it is the heliocentric model that is active to this day. It is the basis for the study of astronomy and it is taught in schools.
When he grew up, he excelled in the fields of science and math. He then attended college at Pisa, where he later held the chair in mathematics from 1589 - 1592. Later, he was transferred to the University of Padua (the university of the Republic of Venice), where he was appointed to the chair of mathematics until 1610, when he went back to the University of Pisa. There, he studied medicine and astronomy. He stayed there for a year and then in 1611, he went to Rome.
He applied these values in his career as a mathematician and a teacher of physics, in his passion of astronomy and philosophy, in his loyalty to his church and country, and most of all to his daughter, whom he conversed with in the many letters of Galileo's Daughter. Unlike most of the history that is read in books, Galileo's story is of a real man with real values and faced with very controversial decisions. Some of these controversies involve the clash of his passion of philosophy with that of the most widely accepted Aristotelian teachings. An example of this is when Galileo looked into his telescope and saw the moon, with its large mountains and deep valleys (31). This discovery proves contrary to what was taught by Aristotle, that the moon was shaped as a perfect sphere.
Galilei had many contributions to science as well. He observed discovered sunspots but later was blinded by looking at the sun too much. Galileo's top accomplishment which every one knows him by is his discoveries of the telescope; Earth revolution around the sun, Sunspots, and Venus phases. He was an amazing mathematician, astounding physicist, but he is most known for proving that the sun does not revolve around the Earth, and it is the other way around. He is most famous for the discovery of the heliocentric orbit of Earth.
He read books on geometry by Descartes, algebra books by John Wallis, and eventually developed the binomial theorem which was a shortcut in multiplying binomials (Margaret, 46). Newton was 22 at this time and he was already going beyond other people's thinking.... ... middle of paper ... ...e began by mastering mathematics. He developed calculus in order for him to find the rate of change of objects. He learned about light and colors, which lead to his invention of the refracting telescope. He was the man that finally built a model of astronomy and physics and in doing so, brought together the work of Kepler and Galileo and of course his own findings on gravity (Margaret, 90).
Galileo studied Saturn, and noted its irregular ovular shape, but was unable to realise that it was caused by its rings due to his updated telescope being used to its magnification extent. He then found four large objects in space, which he noted were not stars, and were, in fact orbiting the planet Jupiter, and determined the time it took for one to orbit the planet. He also determined the speed to the rotation of the sun. He displayed proof that the Copernican theory was correct, and defended it. He wrote and published several books that lead to conflicts between him and the Roman Catholic