Discourse Community of Law: Appeals Brief
In his article “The Concept of Discourse Community,” John Swales describes a discourse community as a group of people that “have a broadly agreed set of common goals, contain certain mechanisms of intercommunication among its members, have acquired a specific lexis, and have a threshold level of members with a suitable degree of relevant content discoursal expertise” (Swales #). An example of such a discourse community is the legal profession. The legal profession has the common goal of understanding and applying general principles to particular factual situations. In doing so, lawyers use language, concepts, and methods that are unique to their community.
Putting Children First:
A Discourse Community Analysis of a Daycare
At Children’s First, our mission is to keep a safe, healthy, prosperous environment for children. Being a part of this community, I know firsthand what it takes to maintain an ideal setting for children to grow. It is essential for the caretakers to communicate, share information, and work together to put the children first.
Detailed coding categories were developed. The Princeton Survey Research Associates (1996) content analysis of AIDS-HIV coverage by the U.S. news media guided the formation of some of the categories. The world region category was guided by the Mayo and Pasadeos (1991) study of the international focus of U.S. business magazines. Following are the main categories that were used to code each story. Detailed operational definitions were developed for each category. Straightforward categories such as date, length of story, wire, and so forth are not included:
Can a medium be a genre? If we casually substitute genre for more general synonyms like category, class, or group, then the answer is “yes,” as demonstrated by the information architecture of online super-retailers like Amazon.com. Amazon subdivides its massive inventory first by medium, like “Books” or “Movies,” before incrementally working toward a finer degree of granularity. Taking books as our example medium, we can navigate by sub-genres to find a title in Books > Science Fiction & Fantasy > Science Fiction > Adventure. But this understanding of genre-as-synonym largely ignores the more formal identification process performed within the established field of genre studies. Frow (2005) provides several structural dimensions to use when identifying genre, which include considerations of formal features, thematic structure and content, physical setting, and situation of address. For longer-established genres, like the sci-fi adventure book, say, we could easily recognize several of these dimensions and codify common elements together into a genre. However, do these dimensions provide the same ease of identification for emerging classifications of digital media, like the viral video?
Discourse communities play a big role in life and how humans interact in general. A discourse community refers to a group of people who have language, life patterns, culture, and communication in common with each other. The idea of a discourse community has also been used to bring people of different orientations together, like family members, students, or committees. All of these types of people might have different standards of living, like their level of income, education, and work abilities. Discourse community can also refer to a speech community, because the main feature of a discourse community is communication. A discourse community can include groups of different regional areas that may or may not share norms and living patterns
When reading the first chapter of, Backpack Writing, there were many different items that refreshed my mind when writing. For example the author, Lester Faigley (2016) gives the idea of genre(p10). This would be aiming spot on at the target you are shooting at, the target being the readers interested in the topic the writer is writing about. Some examples of genres the author, Faigley (2016) gives include, books, essays, blogs, or reviews.
... of different popular genres to tell a story. As Street (Street, 2003: 54) argues: just like politicians tend to refer on language, icons and other aspects of pop-culture, journalists tend to use the repertoire of gestures and styles that are usually connected with entertainment. Having that in mind, it can be assumed that media will use metaphors, symbols and other conventions of popular genres like soap opera, sitcom, thriller, reality show as a reference point for covering political events. "The actions and promises of politicians make more sense when recognized as familiar narratives (e.g., heroic pursuit, soap opera, family drama, horse-race journalism, ...)" (Grbeša, 2013).
Lacey, Nick. Narrative and Genre: Key Concepts in Media Studies. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000.
There are three variations of newspaper genre – the quality (e.g independent), popular (e.g the sun) and middle (Metro). There are also genres which exist in broadcast news for example news which is broadcasted by BBC news, ITV, Channel 4. Entertainment news which is broadcasted usually by MTV news and many more. Broadcast news have different news channels which focus only on the genre they specialise in. However, newspaper are based on publishing news which has different genre but they specialise more on one specific genre. For example, the sun. The sun newspaper specialises mainly on entertainment and celebrity gossips. This means that, they have rich information on the news about entertainment that they provide, but brief information on the news such as sports which they do not specialise well on.
In today’s society, news and entertainment may frequently be used synonymously, but many studies have examined the various aspects surrounding both of these topics separately. One aspect which is studied is the styles of programming. A major increase has occurred in the number of entertainment television programs, but there is still more regular television programming available (Keller, 1993). Once new media types become available those who enjoy entertainment begin to disregard the older types of media (Prior, 2005). Recently, there has been a shift from old to new media when it comes to entertainment news (McNamara, 2011). In order to keep up with this shift, news programs have begun to alter their style of programming through the use of entertainment based stories.