The Differences Between an Electronic Medical Record and Clinical Information Systems

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Discussion A
Describe the difference between EMR and Clinical Information Systems (CIS). What are the advantages and disadvantages of CIS’s?
EMR is an electronic record of patient health information that is created by each encounter in any healthcare setting (Menachemi & Collum, 2011). Information in the EMR includes patient progress notes, medications, problems, vital signs, immunizations, laboratory and radiology reports and past medical history (Menachemi & Collum, 2011). EMR is used to organize and manage relevant patient, pharmacy financial, radiological and laboratory information (Burke & Weill, 2009). The CIS is a system based on technology that is applied at the point of care and developed to preserve the acquisition and processing of information (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2012).
Advantages of CIS includes efficient access of patient data at the point of care, information that is easy to access due to being legible and structured, better patient safety, through the identification of adverse drug reactions and high risk patients (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2012). Disadvantages include the implementation of CIS is both costly in money and employee productivity, while implementation and development is in progress (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2012). Additional disadvantages may be privacy and security and resistance from staff to learning something new (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2012). Discussion B
Your organization may still be working on (or has already implemented) implementing an EMR.
• List the risks of not implementing the EMR
The risks of not implementing the EMR are possible misinterpretation of handwritten orders by physicians, an increase in medical errors, and a hard time tracking patients’ medical records. For example, impl...

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...e in assisting with better patient outcomes. Because our organization knows what to expect during a transition to an EMR, we are offering extra training for EPIC prior to our “go live” date. There will also be additional support on individual units once we convert to EPIC. We hope that our new EMR will be more efficient and provide an even smoother workflow.

Works Cited

Burke, L., & Weill, B. (2009). Information technology for the health professions. Retrieved from
McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. (2012). Nursing Informatics (2 ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett.

Menachemi, N., & Collum, T. (2011). Benefits and drawbacks of electronic health record systems. Risk Management Healthcare Policy, 4, 47-55. Retrieved from
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