The Differences Between Skill, Ability and Technique in Fitness

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The Differences Between Skill, Ability and Technique in Fitness In the sporting world, the question, “what is the difference between skill, ability and technique?” is often asked. This essay investigates what defines these three terms and also how they can be improved over time by practice using sporting examples. Therefore this essay will include: · A definition of skill, ability and technique and how they are different. · Defining different types of skill. · The relationship between the three. · Which is the best way to improve them? · What effects learning. · How individuals at each stage should be taught. · A conclusion rounding up the points made. “The behaviour which tends to eliminate the discrepancy between intention and performance.” (Oldfield, 1996). This is one of many ways of viewing what skill is. Skill is acquired and must be learned and can be continually developed over time. Ability, on the other hand, is a genetically determined characteristic often inherited from parents or developed through maturation and experience. Examples of these characteristics include good coordination, balance and speed of reactions. Thirdly, technique can be defined as the basic movements of any sport or event required to perform successfully for example, a tennis serve. In order to fully understand the differences between these three areas of sporting performance they will be considered in more detail. The characteristic of a skilled performance is: “The learned ability to bring about pre determined results with maximum certainty and often with the minimum outlay of time energy or both.”(Knapp, 1977)... ... middle of paper ... ...P programme there should be a huge improvement in the amount of British athletes emerging at a young age. References Davis, Bull, Roscoe and Roscoe (1997) Physical Education and the Study of Sport (Third Edition) Tavistock Square, London Beashal, P and Taylor, J (1996) Advanced Studies in Physical Education and Sport Tottenham Court Road, London Wesson, Wiggins, Thompson and Hartigan (2002) Sport and PE a complete guide to AS level study Tottenham Court Road, London Galligan, Maskery, Spence, Howe, Barry, Ruston and Crawford (2000) Advanced PE for Edexcel Jordan Hill, Oxford http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk/skills.htm Proficiency Abilities * static strength * dynamic strength * explosive strength * trunk strength * extent flexibility * dynamic flexibility
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