At first this went well for John and captured many of his enemies, including Arthur of Brittany. After the death of Arthur of Brittany, the war started to go badly for John and in 1204 he was forced to retreat back to England. Just like his father, Henry II John didn't get along with the church leaders and argued about how much power the King had over the church. It was unfortunate for John at the time that the Pope was strong-minded and thought that Kings should do as he told them. When the death of the Arch Bishop of Canterbury arose, King John and the Pope argued about who should get the job next.
The Pope at the time, Pope Innocent III, also had a small feud with King John. The Pope soon excommunicated him. His reputation soon became tainted, and many of the Barons of England became upset and wanted to restrict his power and ensure their rights. After the dispute with Pope Innocent III, King John promised the Pope that he would follow through with the Pope's wishes, and the Pope very quickly “de- excommunicated” him. Soon after, King John went back to battle against France and needed the money from his vassals, the Barons.
This alarmed other nobles who were shocked at the speed which Richard was prepared to dispatch people who he though could possible oppose him. Hastings was a well liked noble who had got on incredibly well with Richards brother Edward. This infuriated many nobles as the execution without trial was again unjust. Another cause for his unpopularity was the question of benevolences. When he was crowned Richard promised to stop the use of benevolences as this was particularly disliked by the nobles.
The other historians were less willing to see the Saxon war as a religious war. The life of Charlemagne was interesting to historians because it was filled with many vigorous wars that he fought including the infamous Saxon War. From the beginning of his life, Charlemagne was destined to rule a nation and lead his people into war, achieving both triumphant victories and devastating defeats. He died of sickness in old age, thus leaving the kingdom in the hands of his son. The Saxon war was the most persistent, yet hostile war he fought because of the determination and severity of the enemy.
Upon the death of King Richard I in 1199 A.D., the only remaining heir to the throne was his younger brother John. Regarded as one of the worst kings of England, John’s reign was no doubt unpopular. As hated as John was, there was no denying that he was a hard worker, competent general and able king. It was not John’s failure as a strategist that made his reign crumble, but rather his underlying character flaws, such as his unyielding cruelty, pettiness and lack of sympathy for his people. John was raised in a family of liars and cheaters, laying the base for what would be his eventual downfall when it was his turn to rule.
Some of these nobles thought that a man called Arthur of Brittany would be a better ruler or them than john. The people in France who did not like the idea of john as their new ruler soon went to war against him. At first things went well for john in the struggle and he captured many of his enemies, including Arthur of Brittany. After the death of Arthur the war began to go badly for john. By 1204 he had abandoned Normandy and he was forced to flee back to England.
Edward chose John Balliol, because he could easily dominate him. Balliol was harassed by King Edward from the beginning of his reign. In 1296 he could take no more and fought King Edward’s forces at Dunbar, but lost the battle. John Balliol was taken to the Tower of London, and was later exiled to Norman where he died.. After that King Edward decided it was time for the Scots to pay. He set heavy taxes on all Scottish landowners, and also expected them to sign Edward’s “Ragman’s Roll” of allegiance.
With this in mind,... ... middle of paper ... ...l him if Stanley turned against him. The Battle of Bosworth began and was over with little more than one hundred dead on the side of Henry. Richard's troops were unwilling to fight, and only those close to Richard politically took up arms in a futile attempt to stem the tide. Richard is seen as a monster through history. Many people overlook the good he did in his legislation and charitable acts.
He died on January 21, 1793, nine months before his wife. King Louis XVI was a man who lived and ruled through a time of turmoil. He inherited a country that was failing, and even though he did not completely save it from the bloodshed that it saw, he did everything within his power to keep all of his subjects from death. He was not a strong enough man to liberate France from the struggles that were present. He was easily swayed to the wants of others around him, but he wanted what was best for his kingdom.
Richard died April 6th 1199 and he appointed John as heir to the throne. In April 1199, England, King John was proclaimed king of England and was a failure, making an entire country turn on him in rebellion. What were John’s mistakes that made the Barons of England force him to sign the Magna Carta? King John’s first loss to the French in 1204 led to a loss of land and respect as well as in 1214. The Barons refused to give soldiers to King John after 1204 to raise an army because they did not trust him as a General; in return John taxed them heavily.