The Development of the English Language Between 500 BC and Chaucer's Time
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The English language has many words which originate from different
languages. Numerous words in our 'Modern English' are from foreign
languages that are from countries that previously invaded England. Our
language has been changing throughout the ages and 'Modern English' is
the finished product. There are still 'slang' words developing, and
many people are becoming more inclined to speak 'slang'.
In 500 B.C the Celts invaded England. Their language (Celtic) has
influenced Scottish, Gaelic and Irish. In 449 A.D Teutonic tribes
forced the majority of the Celts out of England into Wales and
Julius Caesar and his strong Roman army invaded England in 55 B.C. He
was unsuccessful at taking over the country or the language.
However Emperor Claudius and his Roman army invaded and conquered
England in 43 A.D. Their language was called Latin. Latin never really
took off and ordinary people did not speak Latin. The Romans stayed in
power for almost 400 years.
In 449 A.D Teutonic tribes from Scandinavia and Northern Germany
started to invade England. The tribes which invaded were the Saxons,
the Angles, the Jutes and the Frisians. Nearly all the Roman towns
were destroyed. The Angles and the Saxons united together to form
several kingdoms. The language they created was Anglo-Saxon or Old
English. It was closely related to Old High German, Frisian, and
By the end of the 6th century the Anglo-Saxons came to be called the
'Angles' or the 'Engles'. Old English was 'Englisc' and England was
called 'Engaland'. 'Engaland' and 'Englisc' eventually formed into
England and English.
siex or syx
fif hundred þreo ond twentig
five hundred and twenty-three