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The Development of Genetically Modified Food

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Introduction

Nowadays, there is rapid technology advancement in food industry. High technology machinery facilitates production of better food products in terms of their health benefits. Furthermore, biotechnology advancement enables scientists to alter organisms' DNA, contributing to the development of genetically modified food (GMF). However, there is controversy about the safety of GMF. Is genetically modified food safe to consume? Is it true that GMF better than organic food? Or probably it could be worse, or even the source of disease? We will look closer to the truth and discuss that in some section of this literature review whether the theory that known by public now could be justified or not.

In recent decades, producers have been experimenting with different methods (e.g. GM, conventional, organic) to ensure staple crops (European Commission, 2010, p. 236).

Explanation and Spreading of GM Food

GM food is based on genetically modified organisms (GMOs), which can be defined as organisms in which genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally. (Marie Kreipe, 2010, p. 3)

As stated above, GM food is a product that has been created and modified with specific techniques by people and not naturally produced by nature, nowadays plenty country has been using this technology to modified (mostly) crops, so that crops could be resistant against pests, could stay longer, and could even eliminate some threatening pests. It’s created by injecting genes/DNA into it so it could change how does the plant normally grown into GM Plants.

A description of the inserted DNA, including any genetic rearrangements, deletions or truncations that may have occurred as a consequence of t...

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...isks of allergic reactions to biotech proteins in foods: perception and reality. Allergy, 60(5), pp.559--564.

OECD, 2010. Consensus Document on Molecular Characterisation of Plants Derived from Modern Biotechnology. Paris: OECD. Available at: [Accessed 20 Apr. 2014].

Palmer, R., 2013. EU GMO Policy Paradox:Farmers Can't Plant GM Corn, But It Can Be Imported. IB Times. [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 Apr. 2014].

Ronald, P., 2011. Plant Genetics, Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security. Genetics, 188(1), pp.11—20.

Who.int, 2014. WHO | 20 questions on genetically modified foods. [online] Available at: [Accessed 25 Apr. 2014].
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