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The Development of Gene Manipulation

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A rapidly changing healthcare industry requires researchers to explore various possibilities in the attempt to develop effective treatment options. The human genome is a complex organism that is vulnerable to invading pathogens and environmental changes. Advancements in human health directly require treatment of the human body on a cellular level. Rigorous examination and experimentation of microorganisms revealed encouraging scientific discoveries. An efficient mechanism promising vast improvements to healthcare is the development of gene manipulation.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome by using biotechnologies. The process begins with the molecular cloning of genetic materials or by synthesizing the DNA. The finished product is a new DNA sequence that then can be inserted into a host organism. Complete manipulation allows for the access to the gene. Modifications may include the manipulation of DNA where the sequences may be added, deleted, and suppressed. Organisms that have been created by this process of genetic engineering are considered to be genetically modified organisms (Biology-Online, 2014).
Today, gene manipulation is impacting nursing and the healthcare field in many ways. The advancements contributed to gene manipulation will enable the human population to sustain itself by reducing and even curing once otherwise thought terminal illnesses. Current research is focused on looking at the entire genome to identify pathogenic causing traits to common diseases. This ongoing research is assessing not only the genome structure, but also the influence of other factors, such as environmental factors, on chronic diseases.
Genetic manipulation and its impac...

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