In Saint Augustine Confessions, Augustine talks about his conversion from Manichaeism to Christianity. He believes in order to become a wise individual; one must have a transformation of his mind inward and upward towards God. Augustine’s intellectual conversions that preceded his conversion to Christianity, made him recognize that the Manicheans were wrong. Manichees viewed God as a material thing, which is something that passes and is destroyed, but God cannot be viewed this way because God created materiality. They also thought there were two forces good and evil, which were constantly battling one another.
Throughout history, Christianity has been molded, hardened, melted, refined and shaped into the different sects that are witnessed today. While many different controversies and thinkers have influenced Christianity, Gnosticism contains the supreme importance in influencing Christianity. The Gnostic Conflict influenced church history into the culture it is today by spurring much of the intellectual foundations of faith by making claims in the subordinationism of the trinity and the incarnation of Christ, as well as producing some of the first sects in Christianity through Marion. By claiming that there are lesser and higher divinities in the universe, this set the tone for much of the arguments made for subordinationism in the upcoming centuries.
What sets Paul apart from Jesus, is also the massive interest in the Holy Spirit and the Gentle mission, his negative attitude toward the Old Testament, and teachings on the church as a ‘body’. In my opinion, Paul taught a doctrine that opposed teachings attributed to Jesus. He replaced Jesus’ selfless actions with a selfish desire to gain the gift of salvation. Despite the widespread, uncritical adulation of Paul by those who listen to others instead of thinking for themselves, Thomas Jefferson, wrote in a letter to James Smith, that “Paul was the first corrupter of the doctrines of Jesus.” (Works, 1829 edition, vol.4, p.327.) And finally, English playwright quoted “it would be a better world if Paul had never been born.”
Martin Luther is one of the most significant figures in Christianity. It is interesting to see that he was first a Christian and not intentionally raised to disagree with Christianity. This makes him extraordinary as he grew up as far as to be a philosopher and priest in the faith but it also makes him special as he sees problems in the Church from the inside of the Church rather than out. Growing up in an abusive and controlling household, Martin Luther developed a feeling of resentment in Christianity because it was forced on him by his family. Martin Luther’s childhood development is a huge factor on some of his greatest works including the rReformation and construction of the 95 theses stemming from his view of Christianity, and his translation
The author of The Epistle To Diognetus intended this text to defend Christianity against its accusers. Throughout the passages, the author answers Diognetus’ questions one by one. In Chapter II, the author talks about how the Christian haters worship valuable artifacts made of silver, gold, iron. These things they call, worship, and serve as gods make them hate the Christians, because Christians don’t consider these goods to be gods. In Chapter III, the author explains that the Christians do not practice the same forms of divine worship, as do the Jews.
He believes that God created human beings and endowed them with the inborn right to make choices in the matters of faith. While staying with the Narragansett Indians he witnesses and studies their religion. They had their own God and beliefs but a lot of their beliefs matched the ones of Christianity. Williams didn’t agree with the Puritans thoughts on trying to convert the Indians to Christianity because he believed they had the right to practice their religion with their own God. Whereas, John Winthrop has strong beliefs when it comes to Christianity and the duties and obligations to God.
So, if you believe in your heart that what you are believing in is right than you will continue to do. That is the same idea that goes along with Methodist. This lead us one of our theologians who have raised some controversial issues when it came to Christianity David Strauss. Strauss raised and tried to solve in his work of The Life of Jesus Critically Examined were the historical questions concerning the origins of Christianity--questions which had been easily ignored by most theologians at his time. Strauss claimed that the study of the New Testament had been dominated either by supernaturalism or by naturalism in terms of biblical interpretation.
Ironically, the Jews rejection of Jesus as Messiah was the catalyst for the leaders of the church to take the message to the Gentiles. This growing movement threatened the foundation of the Roman Empire. Although controversial, the Bible is used as a primary source document to understand the beliefs and customs of Judaism and Christianity. For the majority of Christians, the Bible is seen as historically accurate and is fundamental to their faith. The difficulties that the early church faced such as racism, tradition, and immorality are the same struggles we face today.
Constantine and Cicinnus were two men beloved to God and hence, God proved their ally and helped them defeat their foes (Eusebius, 359). There were significant changes that were witnessed when Constantine who was already a strong ruler converted to Christianity. Constantine’s co... ... middle of paper ... ...ool to rule his subjects and gave freedom to Christians to practice their religion. However, he failed to see the future consequences and failed at treating Christianity at par with other religions as paganism. He also failed to see that he gave more and more power to the Church in the administrative affairs that resulted in diminished imperial rule.
The Crusades offer a unique perspective in the study of Christianity and the ongoing debate on the ways in which Christianity spread throughout the world. More importantly, the analysis of the causative factors regarding the crusades cross referenced with the tenants of the Christian faith provide the over view for which the Crusades must be considered. It is in this context that one can maintain the reasoning of the Crusades, not based on intention but in action. Essentially, there are several tenants that must be analyzed in order to consider the plight of the crusades in regards to the Christian Worldview, the intentions o... ... middle of paper ... ...istianity with principle proved to be a daunting task. As a result, this particular series of scattered events reflects that disconnect.