The Development Of Moral Reasoning

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The Development of Moral Reasoning Moral reasoning also called moral developing, which is the process of distinguish right from wrong in different situation. In terms of Kohlberg’s stage moral development theory, which devised three main levels of moral reasoning: pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional, and each level includes two stages. The Pre-conventional level is especially common in children of early school age, which is closely tied to personal concerns. In Stage 1, children focus on the fear of getting caught and punishment, while people in Stage 2 express “What’s in it for me” position, which means they think right action is what is instrumental in satisfying the self’s needs and occasionally other’s needs. Additionally, adolescents and adults play an important role in the Conventional level, at this level, people’s actions conform to rules of law and order or focus on society’s view. In Stage 3, people try to be a “good boy” or “good girl”, which means orientation towards approval, to pleasing and helping others. Also, people in Stage 4 more prefer to maintain a functional society by obeying law drive behaviors. Finally, at the Post-conventional level, the highest level of moral reasoning, individual judgment is based on own principles about the value of life. In Stage 5, laws are regarded as social contracts rather than rigid edicts, which mean different people holds different opinions, rights, and values, which moral reasoning in Stage 6 is based on abstract universal ethical principles. Moral Development Response In the Pre-conventional level, Stage 1 and Stage 2 are both closely tied to personal concerns. In Stage 1, children are concerned with obedience and punishment. A child in this stage might ... ... middle of paper ... ... may damage Thompson’s fame. Conclusion Kohlberg’s stage moral development theory relied on Heinz dilemma’s story and focus on how individuals would justify their actions if placed in similar moral dilemma. After analyzing their responses, Kohlberg summarized it into pre -conventional, conventional and post-conventional level. There are some criticisms of Kohlberg’s stages. Firstly, Kohlberg’s theory of moral development overemphasizes justice when making moral choices, while factors like compassion, caring, and other interpersonal feeling also play a significant role in moral development. Moreover, people in different gender, culture, and family environment also affect the way they thinking result in they may have different answer. However, there are some socially interactive emotions dependent on moral development like sense of belonging, generous, and enthusiasm.
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