The Development Of Aquaculture

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Over the past century, there has been a substantial rise in the number of fish farms, not only in the United States, but around the world. Fish have proven to have many health benefits and with a decrease in the consumption of livestock meat, there has been an escalation in the development of aquaculture. As a part of the rise in aquaculture, there is a competition to raise larger and better fish. To yield favorable outcomes, aquaculturists have to maintain a comfortable and supporting environment as well as meeting proper nutrient requirements. “Numerous terrestrial plant materials or plant extracts have been used in fish farming for years” (Sato, 2007, p. 109) The addition of terrestrial plants, or plants grown on land, has shown positive…show more content…
There will be four different categories of pond (A, B, C, and D). The purpose of having four categories is to replicate each experiment three times to make sure our results are accurate. Each of the twelve ponds will be seven feet deep and each pond will have a total surface area of one acre. According to Brian Swistock, an expert from Penn State Extension, Lepomis Macrochirus prefer and have optimal growth with water temperatures ranging between 70F- 80F. They also adapt best when introduced to their new pond environment when they are two ounces. (Swistock, 2017) We can distinguish between the different categories of ponds (A, B, C, and D) by the different parts per billion concentrations of the herbicide Clipper. Category A ponds will have 0 parts per billion concentration, category B ponds will have 100 parts per billion concentration, category C ponds will have 200 parts per billion concentration, and category D ponds will have 400 parts per billion concentration. We have selected to use the herbicide Clipper because the active ingredient in Clipper is the group 14 herbicide, Flumioxazin, which, according to recent studies has shown to have “little effect on growth, survival, and feed conversion of the bluegill sunfish Lepomis Macrochirus. (Umphres IV, Roelke, and Netherland, 2013) This allows us to control the amount of aquatic plant life in the ponds without affecting our dependent variable, the…show more content…
M., III. (2007, January 1). Dietary Supplements for the Health and Quality of Cultured Fish. Retrieved October 03, 2017, from http://sk8es4mc2l.search.serialssolutions.com/?sid=sersol&SS_jc=TC0000138806&title=Dietary supplements for the health and quality of cultured fish Purina. (n.d.). Game Fish Chow® Fish Feed. Retrieved October 03, 2017, from https://www.purinamills.com/fish-and-aquatics-feed/products/detail/purina-game-fish-chow Umphres, G. E., IV, Roelke, D. L., & Netherland, M. D. (2013, March 4). The Potential Algaecide has Little Effect on Growth, Survival, and Feed Conversions of the Bluegill Sunfish Lepomis Macrochirus . Retrieved October 03, 2017, from http://www.sciencedirect.com.ezaccess.libraries.psu.edu/science/article/pii/S0044848612007119?via%3Dihub Valent. (2011). Group 14 Herbicide [Clipper Herbicide Direction Label]. Retrieved October 3, 2017, from https://www.valent.com/Data/Labels/2011-CLP-0001%20Clipper%20-%20form%201791-A.pdf Webster, C. D., & Lim, C. E. (2001, January 1). Nutrient Requirements and Feeding of Finfish for Aquaculture. Retrieved October 3, 2017, from

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