speaking, schools are among the safest places for children to be. Final Report, Bi Partisan Working Group on Youth Violence 106th Congress, February 2000 Public policy towards children has moved towards treating them more like adults and in ways that increasingly mimic the adult criminal justice system. The most recent version of this movement is so-called "zero tolerance" in schools, where theories of punishment that were once directed to adult criminals are now applied to first graders.1 "Zero tolerance"
nursing field within their first year of practice. The psychological impact of bullying can be devastating to nurses and can cause stress, anxiety, fear, depression, physical pain, work injuries, and even suicidal thoughts. The cognitive abilities of the bullied nurse are diminished resulting in lack of confidence and self-doubt that distracts them from their duties and can result in serious consequences to patients in their care as well as injury to the bullied nurse. These factors reflect negatively