The Deportation of Hungarian Jews

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Imagine you are in a camp. Not just any camp, but a camp where you are forced to work all day. This is what was happening during the Holocaust. In 1930, Hungary fell under the Nazi party’s influence. In 1940, Hungary joined the Axis powers. Hungary started putting anti-Jewish laws and decrees into place. There were 825,000 Jews in Hungary in 1941. Germany wanted Hungary to deport Hungarian Jews. Hungary decided not to because of political reasons. They wanted to avoid direct involvement in the war. As the Allied forces gained control on the warfront, the Axis powers were starting to lose. Hungary tried to negotiate peace with the allies. The thing Germany did to stop Hungary from doing this is they occupied Hungary in 1944. In the May of 1944, Hungarian Jews were put on trains and deported to concentration camps, most being sent to Auschwitz. The Jewish population in Hungary was reduced to 255,000. In the spring of 1942, Auschwitz became the largest death camp for Jews. More than 1.1 million men, women, and children lost their lives at Auschwitz. Most were Jews. Adolf Eichmann was in charge of the deportation of Hungarian Jews in 1944. Also in 1944 between May 14 and July 9, about 440,000 Hungarian Jews were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. The Germans had many plans for improvements. They had an agreement with railway officials in Budapest. These officials had provided 111 trains (Czech). The Degesch Company also helped improve Auschwitz by sending 462 pounds of the gas Zyklon B on March 8 (Czech). “In mid-May 1944, when the mass transports of Hungarian Jews start arriving in Auschwitz, the young, healthy, and strong Jews of both genders are dispersed for a time as so-called deport prisoners to various barracks at Birkenau, but a... ... middle of paper ... ...or the current conditions in the United States. I never had to go through what these Jews had to go through. The people who lived during the Holocaust should always be remembered and I know that I will never forget about the Holocaust for as long as I live. Works Cited Braham, Randolph L. "Preparatory Work in Auschwitz." Berenbaum, Michael and Yisreal Gutman. Anatomy of the Auschwitz Death Camp. n.d. 462-463. "1944." Czech, Danuta. Auschwitz Chronicle 1939-1945. New York: H. Holt, 1989. Document. Grossman, Clara. Clara Grossman Testimony Midwest Center for Holocaust Education. 26 August 1999. Video. Müller, Filip. Eyewitness Auschwitz: Three Years in the Gas Chambers. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1999. Vago, Lidia Rosenfeld. "One Year in the Black Hole of our Planet Earth: A Personal Narrative." Offer, Dalia and Lenore J. Weitzman. Women of the Holocaust. 1999. 273-277.

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