The Deontological and Utilitarian Perspectives of the Actions Taken by the City of New Haven
1342 Words6 Pages
In 2003 the New Haven Fire Department conducted a promotion test for lieutenants and captains. To the dismay of the test takers, the test was really hard and the results of the test seemed to segregate the racial community of the firefighters. When the results were viewed by the Civil Service Board and they realized only one Hispanic and zero African-Americans would gain the promotion spots, they decided not to validate the test results for fear of a law suit from the minorities. Counter to their thoughts the white promotable test takers, who did pass the test and were looked over, sued on the grounds of disparate treatment. The question is did the city of New Haven act reasonably in rejecting the test results because of the lack of minority representation? This paper will analyze the deontological and utilitarian perspectives of the actions taken by the City of New Haven and answer the question at hand.
The reason the city of New Haven was worried about accepting the test results was because of fear of prosecution by minorities based on the grounds of affirmative action (AA). Allen states, “Affirmative Action is a means by which government activity openly promotes the hiring and promotion of members of groups that have historically suffered job-related discrimination” (2003). For this reason the City of New Haven wanted to ensure the test and their grading standards were not flawed, in doing so they created another potential lawsuit for the majority (whites) based on disparate treatment. Either direction the City of New Haven took the results they were backed up against the wall. AA was created to force employers to give minorities a fighting chance in the workplace. Disparate treatment was created to ensure employers did no...
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