2.2. Leadership theory 2.2.1. Definition of leadership Leadership is the ability that someone has to motivate, guide and empower a group of people, in the particular case the personnel of an organization, in order to achieve specific goals. There are some basic characteristics that result from this definition and they are the following: 1. Leadership is not only a talent. It is also a science that it can be taught, 2. Mobilizing others is the key world of leadership theory. Inspiration is the basic tool that a leader can use, 3. Leadership is not dictatorship. It is a common effort that aims to a common goal, 4. ethics is a significant issue in leadership theory, 5. leadership is interesting to the feelings of the employees who work in a project. People are not numbers but personalities with particular characteristics and wishes, 6. a leader does not need types to be respected by the employees. He gains them with his personality and they follow him because they agree with his recommendations and they trust him. 2.2.2. Basic principles of leadership There are some basic principles of leadership that reveals her significant role in the well fair of an organization. They are the following: 1. A leader must know well himself and should improve him all the time, 2. must be expert in his scientific field, 3. should not afraid to take the responsibility for his decisions, 4. should use decision making and planning tools, 5. must be an example for the employees to follow, 6. should take care of his partners and try to give reliable solutions to their problems, 7. he/she should inform his partners for every matter well and clearly, 8. he should pass the message that everyone in a project has the same part ... ... middle of paper ... ...eadership The leader trusts his personnel and leaves it free to work by his own program. He supports his team and he is ready to help them at any time. The staff is satisfied because he has the control of the work and the productivity in most cases is high. The style requires from anyone, deep knowledge of the sector. 7. Task oriented leadership The main concern of the leader is the job to be done. In order to be sure, he creates specific programs and directives. He is very close to autocratic style. 8. Servant leadership Leading by example is the main idea. Servant leaders do not want to be in the first line and they prefer to guide their employees from a distance. They distinguish because of their personality, their behavior and their values. The only disadvantage is that in a competitive financial environment it is difficult from them to be recognized.
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Leadership can be defined as the way through which one individual has impacts and influences the attitudes and behavior of other people at a workplace. The tasks of leaders in corporations include organizational as well as departmental activities. Leaders are responsible fr coordination of these activities so as to reach the goals successfully by motivating and inspiring team members. (DUYGULU, Ethem and Ciraklar, Nurcan, 2008). Besides, leaders are supposed to resolve issues by avoiding conflicting situations related to work and strive to boost progress on achieving the overall objectives of a company. Moreover, great leaders provide the required knowledge,
Continuously, there is the affiliative style which means that a leader creates a positive harmony for his employees (Six leadership styles: selecting the right leader, 2016). In other words, that leader put people first and tasks second. The Democratic leader focuses on the decision making, also, the employees in this organisation have the skills, knowledge require. Therefore, the leader trust them in their
First, clear vision of goal or destination. Leader must have an obvious goal and also the farther vision towards it. The possession of clear vision will act as a compass which is important to reach the objectives. Second, strategy to achieve the goal. In the journey of process, leader will find a lot of hardships or problems which interfere the smoothness of the journey. In this case, leader has to be ready in order to cope up with those obstacles. Even before the journey begin, leader also has to think about the obstacles which will appear and prepare himself or herself with preventive solutions. Once my teacher said “leader has to consider five steps farther than the others”. Third, the team. Leader cannot do the responsibility by himself or herself. Someone is needed in order to work together, divide the burdens in order to reaching the goal. The leader has to make a constructive relationship with all the team members. Those three things are important and related to each other. In other words, if one of those three things is gone, the final goal will not be accomplished. Leadership is learned to make sure those three things are completed. Leadership will help leaders to make the vision of goal clearer. Leadership will teach the strategy and solution when facing problems by increasing the creative and critical thinking. Leadership also supports the leaders how to make a great relation among the team
1. Personality 2. Persuasive 3.Persistence 4. Patience 5. Perceptive 6.Probity 7. Praise giving 8. Positive orientation 9. People based 10. Possible 11. Practical 12. Progressive 13. Prepared 14. Power building. Good leaders lead from the front line-that is where the action is. They are visible,Know and approachable. They set the example and actively, through their own behavioral attributes,support the concepts of reliability, consistency, trust and adherence to ethical principles. And open-minded themselves. The need to give employees the responsibility, the authority and the resources to operate effectively. good leaders know the people working for them-names, positions, and responsibilities. being shut up in an office where they have little to no contact with worker, or indeed with customers, severely limits a person 's opportunity to lead, delegate and manage. They should be seen and be seen to be listening and observing. Observation does not mean being critical, It mean 's building relationships with employees, noticing the things people do.The problems they have to deal with giving feedback and acknowledging the good work that people
Leadership is vital in any endeavor that involves a team. This paper will evaluate theories of leadership and their pertinence to management. It will assess primary theories as they emerged including trait and skills, behavioral and style, contingency and situational, and, managerial and relationship. As a result values of a great leader are found in different people. People from all ethnicities and parts of the world have proven to have extraordinary leadership characteristics so studying leadership became a need. In studying leadership, there were many different approaches developed. It has been found to believe that there are strengths and weaknesses in the trait approach concerning studying leadership.
The leadership is a privilege and it is such a privilege and an honor which will carry the tremendous responsibility which will inspire others to direct them to accomplish goals and vision of the organization. Leadership is about influencing the people, by producing direction, purpose and motivating in order to accomplish the mission, vision and improving the organization. The leadership philosophy is evolved based on the experiences, both positive and negative, in most of the initiatives and activities that we undertake. It is also one among the collaboration and teamwork within which the team members can utilize each other’s strengths to counter the weaknesses of the individuals. By observing, introspecting and experimenting we can developed a leadership paradigm which is inclusive, collaborative and proactive. We can develop the ability to recognize which will approach in order to reach the productive conclusion. The great leaders know their limitations and are capable at utilize their strengths and also the strengths of others to compensate.
So a leader is the one who leads the whole group . So is the one who has to come always with new ideas and accept the others` ideas too . A leader must ‘exhibit positive energy’ as to make the group show passion for completing a task . Leaders need always to take the first step as to show to the rest the way something needs to be done and in this way to encourage them (Caroselli,2000 p.4 ). They also need to feel proud of the achievement of a goal and show to their employees that their work was worthwhile . (p.7)
A leader needs to “believe” in oneself and have the confidence that whatever you say will excite and what you do can motivate others. You must be optimistic about what you do, do have some relevance for being in existence. Believe it or not, “leadership begins with you”.
A leader, meaning more than merely a manager, is someone who is responsible to guide and direct his or her group. While the manager administers; the leader innovates and focuses on not only systems and structure but also on people. The leader has a long-range perspective.The manager does things right; whereas, the leader does the right things (Murray, 2010). There are different leadership theories supporting different points of view. The Great Man theory believes that great leaders haveinherited crucial characteristics that make them a natural-born leader. Behavioral theory of leadership believes that people can learn to become leaders through teaching and observation(Schyns, Kiefer, & Tymon, 2011). Whereas, the Participative leadership theories suggest that the ideal leadership style is one that takes the input of others into account the transactional theoryfocuses on supervising, organizing and performing as a group(Avolio, Walumbwa, & Weber, 2009). According to Darling &Leffel, there are four types of leadership that include Analyzer (gathering facts and analyze data to reach conclusions), Creator (likes to take an opportunity and innovate), Connector (create a friendly working environment and Director (pragmatic and focuses on tasks and results)(Darling & Leffel, 2010). According to situational theory, different styles of lead...
On leadership is a book which deserve to be read by us. Although this book use a precise formation to help us to examine a widely comprehensive aspects of the leadership, there are some drawbacks. Gardner cited different examples to talk about leadership, but just in a particular area, that is political area. So,
Good leadership is essential to an organisations that shape the way we live, work and play. Leadership transforms potential into reality. Leadership is present in the systems theory without leadership inputs won’t be efficiently transformed into outputs of high standards leadership has direct influence on the productivity, working environment establishment of vision mission goals and objective through these statements being realised success will be achieved. It is the social skill of leadership which accomplishes organisational goals by utilising the potential of the employees
”Leadership involves the exhibition of style or behavior by managers or supervisors while dealing with subordinates; leadership is a critical determinant of the employees ' actions toward the achievement of the organizational goals” (Saeed, Almas, Anis-ul-Haq, & Niazi, 2014). Leadership is a strength that initiates, inspires, and guides the cooperation and attitudes of others on the way to set vision. Leadership is influential and involves several styles of approaches that involve trust, accomplishment and focus to reach a projected result. Using and implementing the ideas of others motivates new thinking and gains the confidence to build the trust and encourage everyone to work to the same goals (Northouse,