Almost 500 years ago, the Yaqui people first came into contact with whites. The Spanish conquistadors whom they met attempted to kill the Yaqui people three separate times, each failed because of the ferocity of these people. After their clash, the Yaqui people wanted to understand more about the white-man religion, Christianity. In 1617, they invited Jesuits because they wanted to understand how it made them more powerful, and how they could adopt at least some parts of this new religion. Today, the Yaqui people are very Christian, but also very native.
Many Pueblo Indians were converted under the threat of death, giving the Spanish a false sense of success in their ability to subjugate the native people. Spanish leaders and priests were either oblivious or uncaring to the discontent of the Pueblo, allowing dissention to grow right under their noses. The Pueblo Revolt of 1680, which occurred in present day New Mexico, saw 20 Pueblo villages unite to rise up against the Spanish, who had been colonizing the area, and at the time was the biggest Native American victory over European colonizers. Much of the reason for this rebellion can be traced back to Spain’s misunderstanding of Pueblo life, and their belief in their own superiority, as well as the Pueblo’s desires to hold on to their ancient traditions, and to renounce the Catholic doctrine that had often seen them abused. Understanding either side’s views of the other can help one to understand what lead up to this revolt.
(Huizer, year, p125) “To wear oneself out fighting against this iniquitous and senseless persecution”, p 234. Since the Church was under persecution from President Cardenas government Mass had to be said in secret. Amalia risks imprisonment by allowing her home to be used as a religious meeting place. The story depicts the injustices experienced by both women of the land owning class and the indigenous people. Lazaro Cardenas instituted agrarian reforms that would benefit the Indian population.
For instance, Munoz asserts how people are changing their names because they feel comfortable and different. People are erasing their names and putting American names and forgetting where their names came from and how much it means to their culture. This is a major issue when conversation is changing but not necessarily for the better. It does create and effect in many people whom they are talked into how they are different and due to because people just don’t accept and understand the different cultures. It is
Achebe presents to us the traditional culture within the clan in Mbanta and also how it was destroyed by the invasion of Western missionaries by spreading their religion and form of government. Some of their ideologies were unfair to the Nigerians because suddenly they were told that everything they grew up was wrong, and it created some division within the clan. After Okonkwo threatened to kill Nwoye for participating in Christian rituals, Achebe writes, “He would later return to his mother and his brothers and sisters and convert them to the new faith” (p152). This demonstrated one example of division within a family that came with the missionaries. A couple good traits brought by the Westerners were education and currency once they established stores.
This, however, also turned against them. The Catholic Church role in the lives of the native population was a negative one due to its alliance with the Spanish monarchy and its forced conversion of the Indians. Works Cited: Terrar, Toby. "Catholic Mission History and the 500th Anniversary of Christopher Columbus's Arrival," Giles, Thomas S. "How Did Native Americans Respond to Christianity?" Christian Histoy Issue 35 Vol.
In both “the mission” and “the end of a culture”, we see how complicated, and overall detrimental colonization was to the existing indigenous population. Masked with claims to “save” the indigenous by converting them to Christianity, the Spaniards forced indigenous native Americans to adopt to their[the Spanish] way of life. Aside from reviewing both films, I will also draw information from the power point lecture to elaborate on how and why the Spanish were able to conquer and subdue such a large area of land and people. Pretty much the entire Indigenous population was forced to convert against their will, and many were killed, forced into slavery, and exposed to diseases that they had never been exposed to. The colonizers were able to conquer
The Jesuits for example felt it was their mission under God to civilize these inferior natives. As stated in this quote “For the Jesuits the horrors of Native suffering seemed to be matched by their own horror at finding themselves charged with the task of converting such a barbaric people to Christianity, and to a civilized life.” In this case the Jesuits are using religion as a means of justification for colonization. In this case, gender is used through religion to show power over a supposed weaker people. As we know in Christianity God is the father and priests represent God on earth. So, in the name of God the father and creator of all people these Jesuits are civilizing Native Americans, doing them the honorable service of bringing them salvation.
The land and the tribute that was required of the Pueblos increased hostilities as forced labor was introduced. Two vastly differing beliefs regarding religion added to the mix. Spanish soldiers and priests were intent on converting the Pueblo Indians to Christianity and prevented the Pueblo Indians from communing with their gods. It is no surprise that all of these factors led to uprising and revolt. References John L. Kessel, Pueblos Spaniards and the Kingdom of New Mexico.
This is an example of psychological degradation that Fanon is talking about earlier on in his piece. He asserts that the inequality of colonialism is what causes the enslaved to want to overthrow the enslaver. It is natural to want to throw off their inferior status. The psychological violence against the enslaved helps keep colonialism in its place. This very humiliation is why there is the need for violent revolution.