Nina Baym. Shorter 5th ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1999. 13-14. - - - .
The Norton Anthology of American Literature. 5th ed. General Editor, Nina Baym. New York: W.W. Norton, 1998. 2748-50.
The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Nina Baym. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2007. Print. Robinson, Lillian S., and Greg Robinson.
The Psychology of Robert Frost’s Nature Poetry Robert Frost’s nature poetry occupies a significant place in the poetic arts; however, it is likely Frost’s use of nature is the most misunderstood aspect of his poetry. While nature is always present in Frost’s writing, it is primarily used in a “pastoral sense” (Lynen 1). This makes sense as Frost did consider himself to be a shepherd. Frost uses nature as an image that he wants us to see or a metaphor that he wants us to relate to on a psychological level. To say that Frost is a nature poet is inaccurate.
New York: Library of America, 1995. 274. Print. Frost, Robert. "Nothing Gold Can Stay."
M.H. Abrams et al. 7th ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2000. 1204-1208.
This dark side of Frost’s poetry could have been inspired from the hard life he lived. The vivid imagery, symbolism, metaphors make his poetry elusive, through these elements Frost is able to give nature its dark side. It is these elements that must be analyzed to discover the hidden dark meaning within Roberts Frost’s poems. Lines that seemed simple at first become more complex after the reader analyzes the poem using elements of poetry. For example, in the poem Mending Wall it appears that Robert frost is talking about two man arguing about a wall but at a closer look the reader realizes that the poem is about the things that separate man from man, which can be viewed as destructive.
Poetry is part of literature and a form of language across cultures. Poetry can be dark and mysterious, or evoke wonderment and love. It can also explain the author’s frustration of a circumstance which cannot be changed, as the Sherman Alexis poem, “On an Amtrak from Boston to New York”. Sherman Alexie, a Native American activist and author, exemplifies his poem as his point of view. The speaker’s state of mind depicts resentment, prejudice and muted aggressiveness.
5th ed. New York: Norton, 1987. 1078-1085
Frost, Robert. “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening.” The Norton Anthology Of American Literature. 7th. Vol. D. Ed.