Food is an essential part of everyday life without it one could not survive. Every day we make choices on what we put in to our bodies. There are countless varieties of food to choose from to meet the diverse tastes of the increasing population. Almost all food requires a label explaining the ingredients and the nutritional value allowing consumers to make informed decisions on what they are consuming. However, many may not be considering where that food is coming from or how it has been produced. Unfortunately, there is more to food than meets the eye. Since 1992, “ the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ruled, based on woefully limited data, that genetically modified foods were ‘substantially equivalent’ to their non-GM counterparts” (Why to Support Labeling). GM food advocates have promised to create more nutritious food that will be able to grow in harsh climate conditions and eventually put an end to world hunger in anticipation of the growing population. There is very little evidence to support these claims and study after study has proven just the opposite. GM crops are not only unsafe to consume, but their growing practices are harmful to the environment, and multinational corporations are putting farmers out of business.
The issue of genetically modified food affects every one regardless of age, race or geographical location. You are what you eat. What a person puts into his or her body essentially impacts their health as a whole. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are found in almost every food except for whole, organic foods labeled as GMO free. Genetically altered foods have benefits and disadvantages. The choice of being an opponent or a proponent to genetically enhanced foods is ultimately up to the consumer. Seed producing companies such as Monsanto have a monopoly over how our food is produced and what is acceptable and safe for human and animal consumption. The lack of labeling of foods that contain GMOs sparks controversy with people who believe they have a right to know exactly what they’re eating and if it is safe for their health. This is an issue that affects any person eating food so it is important for one to know the pros and cons of GMOs. I will highlight the supporting arguments for genetically modified food and in contrast I will describe the risks associated with GMO consumption.
Imagine living on a farm. It is cold most of the year, but for a few months you are able to grow some corn to feed your family, and occasionally if you are lucky you can sell it in town to make some money. It is hard work for what seems like a little reward. You must often deal with insects eating many of the corn stalks, and your corn doesn’t do well in cold temperatures, so you must harvest it before the cold weather starts again. You have to plow much of your field to plant this corn, and it takes much effort to look after it. Then a man gives you some seeds. He calls it genetically modified corn. You plant it and the next year and the year after that there is no need to worry about pest, because the pesticides you used no longer harm your plants. Your growing season is longer and you have much more corn on the same area of land and you can now sell your corn in the market regularly. It seems like a good thing to have a GMO on your land.
What are GMO’s? GMO’s are genetically modified organisms whose genome has been altered by the techniques of genetic engineering so that its DNA contains one or more genes not normally found there. Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com. Web. 16 Sept. 2015. Then they do this so that they can have an all around better plant or animal. Then the animals or plants produce more than they would normally produce without the GMO’s.
Genetically modified Organism's have been prominate in our food supply for over twenty years. Over these years the way we produce livestock and produce has dramatically changed for the worst. GMO’s were created in a lab, where Scientist would literally force foreign DNA into a crop. This completely changes the genetic makeup of these crop. Why do they do this? They wanted to make a crop more resistant to weather, bugs, and lasted longer. The FDA allowed companies, like Monsanto, to add them to our food supply without any significant testing. Twenty years later research is showing that GMO’s are causing allergies, tumors, and digestive health. This change is irreversible and affecting everything around us.
Contrary to popular belief, the field of biotechnology is not new by any means. Archeological evidence shows that ancient Egyptians produced beer by steeping a starch source in water and then fermenting it with yeast, thus, the first form of biotechnology. Flash-forward to the mid-1800’s, scientists, with the help of Gregor Mendel’s laws of genetics, were able to successfully practice “selective breeding” amongst their crops. With this, the field of biotechnology took a huge turn. Scientists now had the understanding necessary to manipulate plants and mate them based on their desired traits. However, until recently, this was all done naturally, through plant-to-plant cross-fertilization. Nowadays, this process can occur instantly, with no need to wait for the natural life cycle of a plant. After a few groundbreaking discoveries, it became apparent that society could greatly benefit from the genetic altercation of these biological resources and consequently, biotechnology boomed.
GMOs or “genetically modified organisms” are plants or animals that have been genetically engineered with DNA from bacteria, viruses, or other plants and animals. These experimental combinations cannot occur in nature or in traditional crossbreeding. Most GMO crops today have been developed to resist certain insect pests. There are GMO plants being developed today to produce specific vitamins, resist plant viruses and even produce products for medical uses GMO is made by taking bits of DNA from different kinds of organisms and attempt to splice them together to get a new, better product. For example, tomatoes that are resistant to frost, canola, soybeans and wheat that is resistant to herbicides.
A GMO (genetically modified organism) is the result of a laboratory process, where genes from the DNA of one species are extracted and forced into the genes of another unrelated plant or animal.Foreign genes may come from bacteria, viruses, insects, animals or even humans. They are usually altered to improve the plant or animal 's ability to grow in non-native
A genetically modified organism, or GMO for short is defined by dictionary.com as “an organism or microorganism whose genetic material has be altered by means of genetic engineering.” To fully understand the history of GMOs one first must know a short history of agriculture in our country. Humans transitioned to a subsistence type of farming lifestyle around 10,000 years ago. This lifestyle was consistent in the United States up until the late 1800’s or the industrial revolution. When the industrial revolution started 4 out of every 5 people of lived on farms or in the country. That is a large amount considering that less than 1.5% of the population continue that lifestyle today (3).
In the United States we have many rights and freedoms that other people are not so fortunate to have. We the people have the right to bear arms, vote in elections, express ourselves, and many more, but arguably the most important one is the freedom to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The citizens elect government officials in hopes that they have our best interests in mind and will keep us safe. If they are doing their jobs, then why are we still unsure of what genetically modified organisms we are consuming from processed foods? Genetically modified organisms, or “GMOs” are an organism who has had its genetic material altered using DNA from bacteria, viruses, or other organisms. Genetically modified foods should be labeled in order to inform the customer what they are consuming because of possible health risks.