Ireland, fed up with the Britain’s appalling leadership, asked for division from the United Kingdom. An obvious disagreement stirred up tension which led to multiple rebellions like Easter Rising. Continuous struggles for freedom built passion and nationalism for the Irish people. With all the past turmoil building up, Ireland commenced a war for their freedom. Although an often forgotten war, The Irish War of Independence resulted in rebellions, bloodbaths, and a major split in a nation.
Purpose and Motivation Understanding the purposes and motivation of any non-state insurgent group is the key to defeating them . To misunderstand them very likely lead to failure. However, the organization of non-state insurgent groups is fluid characteristic, which means that the purpose of its fighting also often changing rapidly . It is important to recognise this changes as this will also change the characteristics of their war that they waged . Within a fluid non-state... ... middle of paper ... ... Mason, Thomas H. Johnson and M. Chris (2007), 'Understanding the Taliban and Insurgency in Afghanistan', Orbis, 51 (1), 18.
The 1916 Irish Easter Uprising Ever since the occupation of Ireland by the English began in 1169, Irish patriots have fought back against British rule, and the many Irish rebellions and civil wars had always been defeated. To quash further rebellion, the Act of Union was imposed in 1800, tying Ireland to the United Kingdom of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Laws discriminating against Catholics and the handling of the Irish Potato Famine of 1845-50 led to increased tension and the proposal of introducing Home Rule gained support. In 1913 there was a general strike of workers in Dublin led by James Connolly of the Irish Transport and General Workers Union (I.T.G.W.U.). This action was followed by the 1913 Lock-Out during which employers literally locked workers out of their factories.
Irish citizens took upon themselves the responsibility of overthrowing the British Government in Ireland during the “Easter Rising of 1916”, which was the result of centuries of rights violations against the Irish by the British. Oppression of the Irish began in A.D. 1367 with the Statute of Kilkenny, which restricted the traditions of the Irish and placed them under the authority of the English in Ireland. (Hardiman) Oppression of the Irish was expanded in the late 1600s and early 1700s with a series of penal laws. These laws were directed at “Papists” or Irish Catholics, and restricted everything from education to the right to own weapons. (umn.edu) The Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) was formed in the mid 1800s to press the British out of Ireland.
Then it is necessary to look at the feelings of the opposing sides of the Civil War. Finally one must look at history itself and compare the Irish War of Independence and the Civil War with similar cases. Once all steps have been taken the ultimate aim of this essay is to prove that the Civil War was a ‘natural’ conclusion to the previous years. The War of Independence (WOI) was fought between the years 1918 and 1921 and ‘was mainly limited to Dublin and the province of Munster, and the IRA victories were few and far between’ . Ireland had forgotten about its aspirations for Home Rule and was now looking for a more drastic form of Independence.
The reasoning for this was the men had been told that they were fighting in an attempt to create a base of operations for the separation of Ireland from the rule of British, ultimately the goal was to anhilate Great Britain. The group failed and retreated back towards the U.S. border, and the term IRA did not appear for another 50 years in an Easter Rising in Dublin in 1916. A group of rebels led by a man named Patrick Pearse, seized the General Post Office and other public buildings, but this bloody conflict was quickly quelled. Despite the short-lived event, it awakened interest and support for the separation of Ireland from Britain. This uprising also produced the Proclamation of the Republic, which has been declared the founding document of the IRA.
Therefore, to prove his seriousness, he claimed, “The reason for our taking up arms is none other than to save the people from unbearable sufferings […]” (Chon Pongjun, et. al, ... ... middle of paper ... ...a result, the three sources shared the common theme of revolution because they all wanted to revolt for freedom. Korea as country has endured hardship from foreign and domestic mishaps, but through revolution she has grown because she has learned from the reforms. For example, Pongju’s revolution has taught Korea civilians that if they united together to establish a type of army, they can fight against powering rulers. In Tonghak’s revolution, Koreans learned that they are fighting for the same goal: to set Korea free and progress it more as a country.
Countries invade to overthrow what they believe to be corrupt governments and decide what is right for the citizens in these countries. If political ideologies clash, as they often do on a global level, wars fought to achieve peace often occur. The United Nations supports and funds these operations because they believe them to be for the good of humanity. The United States alone has begun countless wars that they are able to justify through their mission for democratic peace. The United States invaded Afghanistan to conquer the Taliban, but instead of mediating to resolve issues, they used force and involved other countries in a war that does not appear to have an end.
When Britain again failed to grant home rule in 1919, civil war erupted in Ireland. Members of the IRA carried on a guerrilla war against British forces and their supporters. Civilians were often caught in the crossfire. The constant battle for Irish independence continues today with its gory display of violence. The IRA's goal was and still is today to achieve Irish nationalism by the abolition of the British political influence in Ireland, especially Northern Ireland.
The Irish Diaspora and many Irish nationalists had little faith in the British government's willingness to install Home Rule and stand up to the unionists. Preoccupied by the Great War and desperate for able bodies, the British government made its' fatal decision to enforce conscription in Ireland. Outcries by Irish republicans that Britain bore no right to 'Irish fodder' for their war canons, helped pave the way for an uprising. Rebel leaders from the Irish Republican Brotherhood, the Irish Nationalist Volunteer Army, and James Connolly's Citizens Army decided the time was ripe for a rebellion and adopted a familiar concept in Irish history, 'England's trouble is Ireland's opportunity.' Like t... ... middle of paper ... ...ic immortalization of the leaders' blood sacrifice.