I will then explain how the film Seven Years in Tibet reveals the spiritual transformation of Heinrich and promotes awareness of the Chinese occupation of Tibet to a large western audience. The Dalai Lama is the spiritual leader of Tibet and is considered the reincarnation of the bodhisattva of compassion. The 14th Dalai Lama became known worldwide following his exile from Tibet in 1959, due to the Chinese takeover of the state. When the Dalai Lama fled Tibet, he was “met at the Indian border by a crowd of international journalists eager to get a glimpse of the mysterious "god king" from the land of snows.” Although accounts of his escape appeared in newspapers, the issue did not gain a lot of press and was not on the United Nation's agenda. As both a spiritual and political leader, the Dalai Lama knew that he had to take a public stance, in order to fight for the freedom of Tibet.
Traditionally, the role of the Dalai Lama is the spiritual guide and leader of Tibet, creating a symbol of security and peace. Dalai Lama's are rarely ever politically involved in Tibet. His holiness fulfilled this traditional role up until 1949, when he assumed full power, as the threat of a Chinese invasion became evident. The Tibetan National Assembly called together an urgent meeting, a month after the first attack from the Chinese. In this session, a then sixteen year old Dalai Lama was implored to take on the title and total command of Head of State, and abandon his home in Tibet's capital, Lhasa, and settle close to Tibet's shared border with India in Dromo, in order to remain safe.
Panchen Lama left Tibet and went to China with his court and stayed there until he died in 1937. A new Panchen Lama was introduced in 1944, But wasn’t introduced to Tibet until 1949. The Dalai Lama died in 1933. A boy was introduced as his successor, according to the customs of Tibet. The boy was a peasant, who was officially introduced as the Dalai Lama in 1940.
Nonetheless, as a Nobel Peace Prize laureate in 1989, the Dalai Lama promotes religious tolerance, universal responsibility, and liberation for Tibet. Before becoming the 14th Dalai Lama, Lhamo Thondup, was born on July 6, 1935 in a small village located in Taktser, Amdo, in northeastern Tibet. He was born into an agricultural family sustained by barely, buckwheat, and potatoes (A Brief Biography). Along with his birth, his mother described how he was not an ordinary boy and how he claimed descent from heaven (Morgan 21). When Lhamo was three years old, the Thirteenth Dalai Lama had passed away, and the search for the new reincarnation commenced.
His Holiness passed the examinations with honors, conducted before a vast audience of monk scholars. In 1950, at age 16, His Holiness was called upon to assume full political power as head of State and Government when Tibet was threatened by the might of China. In 1954 he went to Peking to talk with Mao Tse-Tung and other Chinese leaders, including Chou En-Lai and Deng Xiaoping. In 1956, while visiting India to attend the 2500th Buddha Jayanti, he had a series of meetings with Prime Minister Nehru and Premier Chou about deteriorating conditions in Tibet. In 1959 he was forced into exile in India after the Chinese military occupation of Tibet.
As a result of the Chinese invasion, Tenzin Gyatso, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama of Tibet has undertaken roles and responsibilities that no other previous Dalai Lama has attempted. Determined to salvage Tibetan life and culture he fled his palace in Lhasa and instituted the Tibetan Government in Exile in Dharamsala, India. Since his flee into exile Tenzin Gyatso has diligently worked to negotiate peacefully with China and other nations to reclaim his country, institute a working democratic government in India, and promote the survival of Tibetan culture through the establishment of schools, monasteries, and cultural centers. Therefore as a result of the Communist invasion of Tibet and Tenzin Gyatso’s subsequent response to it, the role of the Dalai Lama has irrevocably changed. He has gone from an iso... ... middle of paper ... ...e past half-century.
In the face of adversity he has sought out peace and understanding in both Tibet and the rest of the world. Lhamo Dhondup was born July 6, 1935 in Talster, Amdo, located in northeastern Tibet. He was born into a farming family, and was recognized as the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama at the age of two. Upon this revelation his name was changed
History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951. London, University of California Press: 1989. United States House Committee on International Relations: Current status on negotiations between the Tibetan government in exile and the Peoples Republic of China: Hearing before the C.I.R., House of Representatives, 105th Congress, November 6th, 1997, Released by Washington: U.S.G.P.O., 1998. China's Public Relations Strategy on Tibet www.afn.org/~afn20372/pol/bp.html (5-4-09) Tibetan Studies WWW Virtual Library www.ciolek.com/WWWVL-TibetanStudies.html (5-4-09) Home Page of Tibet www.omni.cc.purdue.edu/~wtu/tibet/Welcome.html (5-4-09) Tibet www.asnic.utexas.edu/asnic/countries/tibet/ (5-4-09) In the Court of His Holiness The Dalai Lama www.tibet.com/ (5-4-09)
Many books were translated to Chinese, temples were set up, and the emperor proclaimed Buddhism the main religion of China. Beautiful temples were built where Buddhism was taught and worshipped and Buddhism in China reached its height during the Sui and Tang dynasties. The Grand Canal in China is 1800 kilometers or 1115 miles long, the world’s longest man-made... ... middle of paper ... ... the emperor had a stroke and soon died leaving Empress Wu and her four sons. Empress Wu appointed her weakest fourth son as emperor so that she could rule through him. In 690 CE, though, he removed himself from the throne and Empress Wu became the sole ruler killing anyone who came in her way.
In 1949, newly communist China sent 35,000 troops to invade Tibet (Tibet Support Group UK 1). The year after that a treaty was made. The treaty acknowledged sovereignty over Tibet, but recognized the Tibetan government’s autonomy with respect to internal affairs. The Chinese violated the treaty on many occasions, though. This lead to the National Uprising in 1959, and after that, the exile of the Dalai Lama, spiritual leader of Tibet, and many governmental leaders (Office of Tibet 1).