Cuban Missle Crisis Many agree that the Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war; but exactly how close did it come? The Crisis was ultimately a showdown between the United States and the Soviet Union from October 16 to October 28, 1962. During those thirteen stressful days, the world’s two biggest superpowers stood on the brink of a nuclear catastrophe. The Crisis started as a result of both the Soviet Union’s fear of losing the arms race, and Cuba’s fear of US invasion. The Soviet Premier, Nikita Khrushchev, thought that both problems could easily be solved by placing Soviet medium range missiles in Cuba.
With failure from the Bay of Pigs invasion still fresh in the minds of the Americans some people wanted to finish what they started and invade Cuba once more when they first had evidence of the missiles. (Thirteen Days) The Bay of Pigs was the biggest factors leading up to the Cuban Missile Crisis as it caused the Soviets to supply weapons to the new communist country of Cuba. During this transfer Jupiter Intermediate-range ballistic missile was given to Cuba which would give the communists a first strike advantage against the United State, which would the United States unable to retaliate back against Russia. (Thirt... ... middle of paper ... ... missile sites and the nuclear missiles to show up at the emergency united nation meeting. (Thirteen Days) With both sides not wanting thermonuclear war secret talks commenced between the two nations.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was caused by uproars started by Fidel Castor; because of those conflicts, it was the closest the world's ever been to nuclear war. This is how it all started; on January 1959, Fulgencio Batista, an American backed Cuban Dictator was overthrown by Fidel Castor. The main problem was that the United States had a navel based, Guantanamo, was a vital asset to Cuba. Then when Castor came into power, everything of the Americans was shut down and the economy dropped. So Castor planned a widespread revulsion against this humiliating position.
The Soviet Union came to realize that they were extremely outmatched in the area of nuclear weapons and the decision by Nikita Khrushchev to place missiles in Cuba was made. It was not until a U-2 spy plane, piloted by Richard Heyser, captured pictures of possible missile sites in Cuba, that the United States became aware of the present danger. The Soviets did, however, deny the accusations made the by the United States regarding the missiles in Cuba. The events during the thirteen days that followed became known as the Cuban Missile Crisis; a nuclear standstill between the Soviet Union and the United States. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the United States has ever come to participating in nuclear war, and the trepidation experienced by Americans spanning those thirteen days was unmatched throughout history.
The Cuban missile crisis was a very dangerous episode, bringing the world’s major military powers to the brink of nuclear war. This event was important to world history and to all the main leaders involved. President Kennedy was assassinated shortly after that, but is still regarded as one of the best Presidents in U.S. history mainly because of how he dealt with that event. Fidel Castro and the country of Cuba are not recognized by the U.S. to this day and are still banned from trade. The Soviet Union has collapsed since the Cuban Missile Crisis and is now known as Russia.
RFK and Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara, became the blockade's strongest advocates. They did not accept the idea of the U.S. raining bom... ... middle of paper ... ...roposed that if the U.S. removed its missiles from Turkey then Russia would remove its missiles from Cuba. Robert Kennedy wanted Soviet missiles and offensive weapons removed from Cuba under UN inspection. Later that same day, a U.S. U-2 was shot down over Cuba. Bombardment of Cuba was the initial reaction, but JFK calmed everyone down.
Cuban Missile Crisis In October of 1962 the United States became aware that there was a Soviet Union missile base was under construction in Cuba. The United States did not want to have a war that was not necessary so they tried to resolve the issue. Everyone was mainly concerned about how close Cuba was to Florida, only 90 miles, and how easily they could be attacked. The Cuban Missile Crisis almost created an atomic war between the United States and the U.S.S.R. In 1959 Fidel Castro came into power in Cuba.
“Fear swept over the country and the American citizens supported their president in planning action.” (Bender 330). President John F Kennedy warned the soviets “the gravest issues would arise” if they were to place nuclear weapons in Cuba. ”People all over the world feared this standoff would led to World War III and a nuclear disaster” (Littell 493). After carefully considering the alternatives of an immediate U.S. invasion of Cuba (or air strikes of the missile sites), a blockade of the island, President John F. Kennedy decided to place a naval “quarantine,” or blockade, on Cuba to prevent further Soviet shipments of missiles. President John F Kennedy also stated that missile strike launched from Cuba would be considered as an act of war by the Soviet Union.
The whole intention of the invasion was to destroy communism in Cuba and put an end to Fidel Castro. A year later came the Cuban Missile Crisis this was the closest the world ever came to its own destruction. The Bay of Pigs invasion fiasco leads to Cuban missile crisis. The main reason for the Bay of Pigs attack was because Cuba became communist. On February 16, 1959, Fidel Castro and his guerrilla warriors overthrew the old government led by Fulgencio Batista.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13 day period during the Cold War, between The United States, Cuba, and The Soviet Union, that caused great turmoil in the world. The Causes of the Crisis lead all the way back to the late 1950’s, were the tension between the two nations and the U.S first began to really begin. On January 1, 1959, Fidel Castro wins the revolution and defeats General Fulgencro Batista and On February , 1959, Castro becomes president and gains full control over Cuba. After becoming president, Castro also began extremely taxing U.S products, this led to Eisenhower imposing trade restrictions against Cuba. Cuba also established that it was openly Communist and began forming diplomatic ties with the Soviet Union.