The Americans found out using a spy plane. They warned Russia not to do this because it threatened the USA. However, the Soviet Union wasn’t stopping. This event was quickly called The Cuban Missile Crisis. Principles in the Cuban Missile Crisis were the ideas/thoughts that occurred without going into action like when the United States said they would have peace talks with the Soviet Union but instead waited until the Soviets offered them a plan.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was one of the key events in the Cold War Neely bring us to the brink of thermonuclear war. With the failed Bay of Pigs invasion the Soviets wanted to bulk up Cuba’s defense to resist any further aggression so that they could have a Soviet satellite in the western hemisphere. (cmc article 257) The Soviets told the United States that they were giving Cuba defensive weapons to defend themselves against any further invasion but they also gave Cuba Offensive weapons that could strike into the heart of the United States. This greatly made the government concern about the Soviets and possible first strike capabilities against the United States rendering them unable to fire back. The Soviets were trying to strong arm the United States to limit its capabilities on striking them.
After Fidel Castro took over in Cuba he quickly despised the United States along with the USSR. The USSR appealed to Cuba because they could provide protection for them after the then recent Bay of Pigs invasion. During this invasion, the United States in April 1961, more than 1000 Cuban exiles made an amphibious landing in Cuba at a place called the Bay of Pigs. (Webster’s) Their plan was to move inland and join anti-Castro forces and stage a revolt.
– He wanted to avoid a war. ● To either bomb the area, or to set up a quarantine line – he wanted to avoid war. ● To move the quarantine line back – Kennedy wanted to give the Russians more time to avoid war. ● Not to alert Congress of the situation that is going on in Cuba – to avoid mass chaos in the U.S. D. One of the biggest policies that Kennedy had was that he would not back down. After the 2 meetings with Khrushchev, Kennedy wanted to prove that he wasn’t a weak President.
The beginning of Cuban missile crisis-a conflict between two huge atomic nations, the U.S and the U.S.S.R. was a formal presentation made by the CIA to President Kennedy. Experts pointed to the missile base being constructed near San Cristobel, Cuba. No one expected that the Russians would build a base in Cuba for Ballistic Missiles after confirming that the Russians would sign an atmospheric test-ban treaty. This may have been justified by the fact that U.S had a similar base in Turkey near the border with the Soviet Union. However, the biggest puzzle was that Khrushchev assured that there were no military installations in Cuba and that the relationship between the two superpowers would not conflict.
On October 22, Kennedy announced the discovery of the missile installations to the public and his decision of the naval quarantine around the island. He also announced that any nuclear missile launched from Cuba would be regarded as an attack on the United States by the Soviet Union and demanded that the Soviets remove all of the missiles from Cuba. For thirteen days the two major superpowers of the world were on the verge of a nuclear war. The events leading up to the missile crisis as explained by Dinerstein were the long years of Cold War hostility and the revolutions occurring in countries of Latin America. The Soviet Union’s fear of losing the race in the weapons department and Cuba’s fear of an invasion by the United States sparked those thirteen stress filled days.
Soon enough president Kennedy had to talk to one of their leaders about what are they doing with the missiles and if they do not remove it there will be a war. The Cuban missile crisis happened during the Cold War between the United States of America and the Soviet Union. It was basically a waiting game to see who will make the first move. Evidence: On October 1962, a U.S. spy plane caught Soviet Union moving nuclear missiles into Cuba. After a week of careful discussion with his advisers, President Kennedy then forced a naval blockade which prevented materials from coming in but it did not work for soviets from operating the missiles that were already there.
Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara outlined three possible courses of action for the president: "The political course of action" of openly approaching Castro, Khrushchev, and U.S. allies in a gambit to resolve the crisis diplomatically, an option that McNamara and others considered unlikely to succeed; "a course of action that would involve declaration of open surveillance" coupled with "a blockade against offensive weapons entering Cuba"; and "military action directed against Cuba, starting with an air attack against the missiles" (Chang, 2). When U.S. reconnaissance flights revealed the clandestine construction of missile launching sites, President Kennedy publicly denounced (Oct. 22, 1962) the Soviet actions. The options of taking military action against Cuba and Russia luckily never took place and President Kennedy chose to impose a naval blockade on Cuba and declared that any missile launched from Cuba would warrant a full-scale retaliatory attack by the United States against the Soviet Union. On Oct. 24, Russian ships carrying missiles to Cuba turned back, and when Khrushchev agreed (Oct. 28) to withdraw the missiles and dismantle the missile sites, the crisis ended as suddenly as it had begun. The United States ended its blockade on Nov. 20, and by the end of the year the missiles and bombers were removed from Cuba.
Kennedy threatened invasion and he would have had support of the entire nation if he had proceeded with this plan. Khrushchev obviously didn’t want war as he eventually agreed to remove the missiles and allow the US to have a nuclear advantage. Why would Khrushchev agree to remove the missiles without any US promise to remove their missiles or not to invade Cuba? The answer is obvious. Khrushchev did not want war with the United States.
Every decision the President made was in an effort to not humiliate or disgrace the Soviet Union or its own president, so that things would not escalate into war. It was because President Kennedy put himself in Soviet shoes so to speak, that he was reluctant to attack the missile site, to board Russian ships, to choose a quarantine and blockade over military attacks. John Kennedy understood that the Soviet Union wanted war as much as America did. When Russia agreed to remove the missiles from Cuba he did not claim any sort of victory for himself and even kept his staff from taking any interviews that would claim that America gained victory over Russia (Kennedy,98), because it was never his goal to humiliate, only to reach a peaceful agreement, which he and the Russian president