At the same time the CIA began to train selected groups of the exiles to re - enter their homeland and over - throw Castro's Government. When Kennedy was sworn into parliament in 1961 he took over the proceedings with hesitation for his states security. He advised a plan to invade Cuba once again after Eisenhower's two other invasions failed. This invasion was known well as the Bay of Pigs. In April Kennedy received reports that the invasion failed which boosted Castro's prestige and embarrassed Kennedy of his new presidency.
On his return to Cuba in 1952 he led a second coup to end an election which he was losing. His government was quickly recognized by the U.S., giving him legitimacy, which he turned into unopposed electoral victory in 1954. His regime was characterized by relationship both with the U.S. government and with the American Mafia. He faced almost immediate opposition from the Communist revolutionaries, who fought a six year guerilla war starting in 1953. The war was one of many “proxy” wars between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, with the U.S. providing weaponry including napalm to Batista which he used brutally against the population.
RFK and Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara, became the blockade's strongest advocates. They did not accept the idea of the U.S. raining bom... ... middle of paper ... ...roposed that if the U.S. removed its missiles from Turkey then Russia would remove its missiles from Cuba. Robert Kennedy wanted Soviet missiles and offensive weapons removed from Cuba under UN inspection. Later that same day, a U.S. U-2 was shot down over Cuba. Bombardment of Cuba was the initial reaction, but JFK calmed everyone down.
This brought the two countries closer together. Now the CIA focused their efforts on assassinating Castro, to stop the rot of Communism. Including various attempts such as an exploding cigar, poison and an attempt to overthrow Castro at the Bay of Pigs, however Castro evaded all American efforts to kill him. In December 1961, Castro announced that he was going to set up a Communist government in Cuba. This was yet again another blow for the US, to have a Communist country only 90 miles away from nearest US soil made America even tenser.
This made Castro think that the Soviet Union was imperialist, and no better than the United States, which led to the Year of Decisive Endeavor. 14. Castro’s speech to the Cuban Communist Party Central Committee was a secret speech given to the CPP by Castro in January of 1968, where he expresses his disillusionment with the USSR, because of their lack of support to Cuban revolution in the October Crisis. This is significant because this is when Castro cuts ties with the Soviet Union.
This made him very bitter toward the U.S and made him close to the Soviet Union (Swift) . Then on January 1960, when President John F. Kennedy was elected, Castor thought that these threats would stop but he thought wrong. President Kennedy still attempted to destroy Castor but after many fail attempts like the Bay of Pigs and Operation Mongoose, the Kennedy administration was humiliated. Things got heated on April 1962, the Soviet Union began to station... ... middle of paper ... ...he Cuban missiles in exchange for a promise by U.S. leaders not to invade Cuba. The following day, the Soviet leader sent a letter proposing that the USSR would dismantle its missiles in Cuba if the Americans removed their missile installations in Turkey."
In 1959 Fidel Castro came into power in Cuba. This scared the United States because Cuba is right next to Florida. In 1960 Cuba made a trade agreement with Russia, which scared the United States a lot more because they stopped trading with them. In 1961 the CIA helped an anti-Castro exiles to invade Cuba. It didn't work as planned and looked terrible on President Kennedy part as president.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world has ever been to a nuclear war which would have doomed the human race. For thirteen days the world was scared to death of what could happen. In a nutshell, the Soviet Union under leadership of Nikita Khrushchev tried to counter the lead of the United States in developing and deploying strategic missiles. The Soviet Union or USSR knew of the missiles the United States had set up in Turkey. (Garthoff) To gain first strike capabilities they reached an agreement with Cuba under the leadership of Fidel Castro set up missiles in Cuba.
The Cuban missile crisis was a very dangerous episode, bringing the world’s major military powers to the brink of nuclear war. This event was important to world history and to all the main leaders involved. President Kennedy was assassinated shortly after that, but is still regarded as one of the best Presidents in U.S. history mainly because of how he dealt with that event. Fidel Castro and the country of Cuba are not recognized by the U.S. to this day and are still banned from trade. The Soviet Union has collapsed since the Cuban Missile Crisis and is now known as Russia.
Throughout the presidential campaign, Kennedy had defendant full general of not doing enough regarding Fidel Castro. In fact, Eisenhower might have launched associate invasion himself, had a correct excuse given itself. Instead, he bequeathed a sophisticated attempt to Kennedy; UN agency was powerfully inclined to pursue it. Others within the government weren't convinced. The Cubans had given proof to the world organization as early as Gregorian calendar month that the U. S. was hiring and coaching mercenaries.