The Cuban Missile Crisis can be blamed on the insecurity of Cuba and the Soviet Union. After the United States’ unsuccessful attempt to overthrow Castro and end communism in Cuba at the Bay of Pigs in 1961, Castro was fearful of another US invasion. The US Armed Forces conducted a mock invasion and drafted a plan to invade Cuba to keep Castro nervous. As a result, Castro thought the US was serious, and he was desperate to find protection. This protection came in the form of sixty Soviet medium-range ballistic missiles.
The world will never be the same since October of 1962. It is now known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. The U.S. learned that the Soviets were building nuclear missile bases on Cuba because the Soviets wanted to close the missile gap. Even though the Soviet Union promised they would not attempt to place nuclear weapons in Cuba, they put them there anyway in hopes that the U.S. would not find out until it was too late to do anything about it. The ploy almost worked.
Nuclear proliferation is the distribution of nuclear weapons, nuclear technology and information to states not acknowledged as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons. In my opinion when a country develops nuclear weapons everything becomes heightened, the economy, military, and you could even say paranoia is also heighten .With this continuous endeavor for nuclear proliferation countries began to fall int... ... middle of paper ... ...is understandable the attraction that nuclear weapons for those seeking power for manipulation or blackmail. Terrorists may either seize an existing weapon which is extremely difficult to do. Or they could set up a facility to make one. Obtaining nuclear weapons by individuals or groups is doubtful because the materials are difficult to gain and to handle.
She explains very clearly and very passionately about the dangers of using nuclear weapons in a war. There may be people who disagrees with the author’s views in this article, but it makes everyone think. She also takes on the reasons why India decided to build its nuclear arsenal. And none of those she believes are good enough to take such a risky step. The author speaks about nuclear tests as a hazardous process which may eventually bring disasters to the coming generations.
With failure from the Bay of Pigs invasion still fresh in the minds of the Americans some people wanted to finish what they started and invade Cuba once more when they first had evidence of the missiles. (Thirteen Days) The Bay of Pigs was the biggest factors leading up to the Cuban Missile Crisis as it caused the Soviets to supply weapons to the new communist country of Cuba. During this transfer Jupiter Intermediate-range ballistic missile was given to Cuba which would give the communists a first strike advantage against the United State, which would the United States unable to retaliate back against Russia. (Thirt... ... middle of paper ... ... missile sites and the nuclear missiles to show up at the emergency united nation meeting. (Thirteen Days) With both sides not wanting thermonuclear war secret talks commenced between the two nations.
The Soviet Union came to realize that they were extremely outmatched in the area of nuclear weapons and the decision by Nikita Khrushchev to place missiles in Cuba was made. It was not until a U-2 spy plane, piloted by Richard Heyser, captured pictures of possible missile sites in Cuba, that the United States became aware of the present danger. The Soviets did, however, deny the accusations made the by the United States regarding the missiles in Cuba. The events during the thirteen days that followed became known as the Cuban Missile Crisis; a nuclear standstill between the Soviet Union and the United States. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the United States has ever come to participating in nuclear war, and the trepidation experienced by Americans spanning those thirteen days was unmatched throughout history.
“Fear swept over the country and the American citizens supported their president in planning action.” (Bender 330). President John F Kennedy warned the soviets “the gravest issues would arise” if they were to place nuclear weapons in Cuba. ”People all over the world feared this standoff would led to World War III and a nuclear disaster” (Littell 493). After carefully considering the alternatives of an immediate U.S. invasion of Cuba (or air strikes of the missile sites), a blockade of the island, President John F. Kennedy decided to place a naval “quarantine,” or blockade, on Cuba to prevent further Soviet shipments of missiles. President John F Kennedy also stated that missile strike launched from Cuba would be considered as an act of war by the Soviet Union.
The burning cities would create enough smoke and ash to choke off the sun, leading to worldwide famine. Another way the Cuban incident applies to today is the possibility of nuclear terrorism. Republican Senator Richard Lugar conducted a survey of 85 national security experts which reached a similarly alarming conclusion. Although nuclear weapons were around prior to the Missile Crisis, we were never as close to the horror of nuclear war. "This Government, as promised, has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet military buildup on the island of Cuba," President John F. Kennedy began in what has to be counted as the scariest presidential address of the Cold War.
The crisis started in 1962 when the Soviet Union started to build nuclear missile sites in Cuba. On October 16th, 1962 the United States intelligence using a U-2 spy plane overflew Cuba and photographed missile sites. According to Chris Trueman Author of History Learning Site, “On October 17th 1962 the CIA reported to the president that the 16 to 32 missiles identified could kill 80 million Americans as they had a range of 2000 miles with a flight time of just 17 minutes ”(Trueman). When President Kennedy was advised about the missile sites he called his cabinet and military leaders to formulate what action the United States should take. His military advisors thought the United States should take immediate action to destroy the missile sites.
RFK and Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara, became the blockade's strongest advocates. They did not accept the idea of the U.S. raining bom... ... middle of paper ... ...roposed that if the U.S. removed its missiles from Turkey then Russia would remove its missiles from Cuba. Robert Kennedy wanted Soviet missiles and offensive weapons removed from Cuba under UN inspection. Later that same day, a U.S. U-2 was shot down over Cuba. Bombardment of Cuba was the initial reaction, but JFK calmed everyone down.