This excellent biography fluently tells the life story of Douglass; one of the 19th centuries's most famous writers and speakers on abolitionist and human rights causes. It traces his life from his birth as a slave in Maryland, through his self-education, escape to freedom, and subsequent lionization as a renowned orator in England and the United States. Fascinating, too, are accounts of the era's politics, such as the racist views held by some abolitionist leaders and the ways in which many policies made in post-Civil War times have worked to the detriment of today's civil rights movement. The chapter on Frederick Douglass and John Brown is, in itself, interesting enough to commend this powerful biography. The seldom-seen photographs, the careful chapter notes, documentation, and acknowledgements will encourage anybody to keep on learning about Frederick Douglass.
Many writers and speakers have been influenced by the speeches of Martin Luther King Jr. "I have a Dream" and Frederick Douglass "What to the Slave is the Fourth of July". These speeches have helped evolve the history so drastically that black American 's now have freedom and to never be segregated like they were in the past. Martin Luther King Jr. and Frederick Douglass are strong
...understanding of freedom. By exposing the wrongs done to slaves, Douglass greatly contributed to the abolitionist movement. He also took back some of the power and control from the slaveholders, putting it in the hands of the enslaved.
Although the risk for rebellion against slavery was immense, African Americans still attempted to resist within the limits of the institution of slavery. The success of these efforts was highly unlikely as the system of slavery grew more and more, backed by the laws of the land and the ever-growing spread throughout the states. Harriet Jacobs’ overall theme in her autobiography is the realization that the power of slavery proved to be in conquerable from the point of view of the slave.
Walters, Ronald G. The Antislavery Appeal: American Abolitionism After 1830. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.
Picture the face of a terrified soul, standing frozen for a moment half way across a dirt road, on the face are layers of dirt, dust, sweat, panic, and muddy tears that cannot believe the hell they are going through. This is what the road which abolitionists wanted to close. This is the face that abolitionist wanted to help. This paper compares and contrasts the philosophies and strategies of five abolitionists: John Brown, Angelina Grimke, William Lloyd Garrison, Harriett Beecher Stowe, and Fredrick Douglas, and the modalities of conveying their messages. While early colonists saw slavery as an answer for cheap labor, to help colonial American grow and prosper, the law, thankfully, no longer permits such cruelty; I pray we never fall back to such contemptuous acts and states of mind.
Nowadays, the U.S. Constitution grants its American citizens the same rights, liberties, and responsibilities, but does the government and society in general fulfill and equally protect each individual in accord with these principles? Not necessarily. Regardless, there is an undeniable progress in the way America treats its citizens, but to whom do we owe this progress? The 1800’s is known for having one of the most conflicting issues in the nation--slavery. The North opposes the South’s pro-slavery sentiments, and as a result the country is strongly divided. Two important anti-slavery advocates that play a role in American history by bringing shame to slavery practices are Harriet Beecher Stowe and Frederick
Jacobs, Harriet Ann. "Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl." Paul Laufer, ed. The Heath Anthology of American Literature, vol 1, 3rd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company,
The Abolitionist Movement transformed the role of women in American History. Prior to the abolitionist movement, women were viewed as invisible icons in society. A typical woman would only be responsible for motherhood duties, cleaning, and preparing food. While many women agreed with this, others did not. The desire to be heard and treated equally was something numerous women shared. Astonishing women like, Sojourner Truth, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Grimke sisters became prominent leaders in the abolitionist movement and made a pathway in history by initiating speeches, participating in female politics and supporting their personal opinions of women’s rights through religious doctrines.
Jacobs, Harriet A. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself. Ed. Lydia Maria Child and Jean Fagan. Yellin. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987. Print.
Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl is a book written by Harriet Jacobs about the hardships she encountered during slavery. The book begins in a small Southern city during the 1820s where Harriet—under the name of Linda Brent in this book—was born under the iron chains of slavery, though she didn’t feel them until later in life. Her childhood was spent under kind masters and she was taught how to read and write, but the death of her last benevolent master proved to change things for the worst. She then became a slave of the Flint household, where she became a favorite of the married master of the house, Dr. Flint or Dr. James Norcom, when she reached a proper age. She was fairly rebellious for a slave and refused to be subjected to the humiliation of being sexually abused by her master. She decided to have an affair with an unmarried white man, Mr. Sands or Samuel Tredwell Sawyer (a future congressman), using the liberal freedom she received from her master. Harriet ended up having two of Mr. Sands’ children who were precious to her and were always at the heart of her plans later in life. She ends up running away after several years and the rest of the book revolves around her successful daring plans and sacrifices to make her children and herself free with many twists and turns upon the way.
Jacobs, Harriet, and Yellin, Jean. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press
Sojourner Truth, Frederick Douglass, and Olaudah Equiano all have extremely interesting slave narratives. During their lives, they faced plenty of racist discrimination and troubling moments. They were all forced into slavery at an awfully young age and they all had to fight for their freedom. In 1797, Truth was born into slavery in New York with the name of Isabella Van Wagener. She was a slave for most of her life and eventually got emancipated. Truth was an immense women’s suffrage activist. She went on to preach about her religious life, become apart of the abolitionist movement, and give public speeches. Truth wrote a well-known personal experience called An Account of an Experience with Discrimination, and she gave a few famous speech called Ain’t I a Woman? and Speech at New York City Convention. In 1818, Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey was born into slavery in Tuckahoe, Maryland. When he was older, he made an escape plan by disguising himself as a sailor and going on a train to New York. When he became a free man, he changed his name to Frederick Douglass and married Anna Murray. He went on to give many speeches and he became apart of the Anti-Slavery Society. Douglass wrote his story From My Bondage and My Freedom and became a publisher for a newspaper. In 1745, Olaudah Equiano was born in Essaka, Nigeria. Equiano and his sister were both kidnapped and put on the middle passage from Africa to Barbados and then finally to Virginia. He eventually saved enough money to buy his freedom and got married to Susanna Cullen. Equiano wrote his story down and named it From the Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano. He spent the rest of his life promoting the abolition movement. Throughout the personal slave narra...
Cruelty can be described as a desire to cause others to suffer: inhumane treatment. Slavery was cruel and inhumane. As early as seventeen hundred, Africans were ripped away from their families and homes and forced into slavery in America. White wealthy plantation owners in the South bought slaves as if they were shiny new objects put on a silver platter for them to do with what they wanted. The text from the sales advertisement for a ship full of slaves’ states that they are “choice cargo of about 250 fine healthy negroes” and that they are “free from danger of being infected with the small-pox” presents the slaves as merchandise that has been handled carefully until the owner could claim their rights to them. Slaves were not considered as humans but as property. From the way they were sold on ships to the unjust way they were treated by the slave owners it is no wonder the thought of freedom was always on their mind. The major areas of cruelty slaves endured were most apparent in the slaves working conditions, living conditions and loss of freedoms all humans have a right to.
Jacobs, Harriet A. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself. Ed. Jennifer Fleischner. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2010. Print.