This research seeks to establish whether making the penalty stiff will work in repeating repeat and future offenders. This research is tied to a larger theory that harsh punishments act as a deterrent to crime. They work by making people not commit a crime for fear of the punishment that is going to follow. This research is applicable across many facets of crimes that are rampant. It is going to help identify whether enacting stricter laws and enforcing them helps in reducing the relate... ... middle of paper ... ... policies have to be able to effectively deal with the crime.
Anything that goes against the penal system of a country i... ... middle of paper ... ..., 2010). Criminal Justice is composed of many lateral departments that help us define and better understand how crime can come about in our society. Crime can be learned and used to help one satisfy their personal gain and utilized to replace what is missing. Crime can be reduced by developing rules that enhance the social support that is needed to help families and the community educate them to keep their surrounding safe. By implementing custodial control and punishment can deter some crime but not eliminate it altogether.
The importance of policing is to understand the most serious criminals and figure out a way to prevent future crimes. Each model has the goal of keeping the community safe, prevent crimes and most importantly respond
Overall, crime displacement is the result of crime-control policies and the amount of opportunities left for offenders. It can potentially be a profitable theory because of the benefits, such as helping to plan strategies in order to prevent crime, but without a doubt is a part of crime prevention that cannot be avoided.
1. Criminology Criminology is the science of studying how laws are made, the breaking of laws, and the social reaction to the breaking of laws. Criminologists research past criminal events to contribute to decrease the crime rates and develop a society that is less vulnerable to criminal acts. There are different theories that have emerged over the years that have helped criminologists to get to solid conclusions on the relation between crime and society. The study of criminology is important because it helps society understand what the crimes are, and how criminals who commit this crimes are punished.
In this case, an interest in the broad deterrent effectiveness of these measures is an interest in their crime preventive effectiveness by whatever means prevention is achieved. Accordingly, a person contemplating the commission of a crime would undertake a cost-benefit analysis and would execute the criminal plan only if potential benefits sufficiently outweighed expected costs. In addition to theorists, courts have adopted the rational actor model as a justification for the imposition of certain penalties, specifically the death penalty for the crime of murder. Under general deterrence theory persons are punished for violating the criminal law to serve as object lessons for the rest of society. Society, according to the theory, thus transmits the following message.
Juvenile exposure to criminal behavior increases the chances that those individuals will also engage in criminal behavior. Research gives us insight to prevent or reduce criminality and rehabilitate violators of the law that engage in criminal behavior. What causes people to commit crimes? Interdisciplinary criminology gives us a better understanding from several fields of study of a better understanding of crime. Influential factors that influence criminal behaviors are psychological, sociological, and biological.
It is important, therefore, for criminologists to create an understanding to members of the society regarding the root cause of crime and what dictates the behaviour of individuals who are considered to be criminals (Tierney 2009). Criminology has often been defined as a field of study where scholars from different disciplines in the society come together to find answers to problems identified in the society. Sociological approaches, however, have influenced theoretical conclusions in criminology. That however has not limited other factors like biological factors as explained by Walsh (2000) and Wright and Boisvert (2009). Psychological theories in criminology have also determined a given level of perception developed by the society states Durrant and Ward (2012).
Security officers should exercise an active role in spearheading crime prevention and loss prevention by undertaking various mitigation actions that are essential in preventing crime and loss of property. Public or private security should assess the risky situation in their area of operation that could possibly lead to crime or loss of property and come up with the possible solutions to avoid them. Moreover, installation of the vital crime prevention system is instrumental role towards tracking any incidence of crime and barring others from taking place (O’Block, Donnermeyer & Doeren, 1991). Policing is another important role of security in crime prevention that entails sensitizing members of the public, on the need to reporting crimes or any suspicious acts that could lead to possible crime, and taking an active role in preventing crime. The security should pursue security issues with a lot of steadfastness by assessing and carrying out thorough investigation on the reported crimes to deter and prevent future crimes (O’Block, Donnermeyer & Doeren, 1991).
In consideration of its restraints, statistics should be approached rationally and viewed from various relevant sources to check its credibility. Statistics are beneficial in functions such as; police performance administration, establishing crime control, assessing crime prevention programs, crime trend calculation, criminology theory analysis and representing efficiency of criminal justice procedures. Satisfaction with police performance can be evaluated to ensure police will deliver their upmost execution and build confidence in the community. Police will be capable of establishing crime control settings and concentrating on areas of prevalent and repetitive crime. Forecasting trends and stimulation of modelling criminal justice processes, facilitate legal representatives to make more effective policies and fund distribution.