Once the bomb was tested, the United States had to decide whether it should be used and if so, where? Then there was the process of dropping the bomb. The Manhattan Project was overall one of the highest and most significant projects ever done in the United States.2 The United States government was shocked by the news of German scientists discovering nuclear fission. The news came to the United States from Albert Einstein. Einstein found out the nuclear fission information from a German physicist named Leo Szilard.
Maybe the first step towards the atomic bomb was when Einstein sent his fabled letter to President Roosevelt. Regardless of when exactly these events started, they would lead to the creation of one of the most dangerous weapons to ever be conceived. World renowned physicists, such as Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard, would help build the atomic bomb and vastly improve America’s understanding of science with their inventions, including the Chicago Pile-1. Bigger and greater experiments were then done by the Uranium Committee and the famed Manhattan Project, all building up to the fatal day of the bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. These attacks would rock the foundations of war, as it changed all previous parameters.
Knowing how an atomic bomb is created, its' history and the effects it had on the economy could help people realize the reasoning behind such a bomb. These bombs were made for a purpose. Robert Oppenheimer was the father of the atomic bomb, although Albert Einstein received a lot of credit for his work with the startup of atomic bombs. The Manhattan Project, based in Los Alamos, was a very keen organization that helped the United States become a world power. Over one hundred thousand workers took in this project.
Why is the Atomic Bomb one of the most important inventions created in the United States? According to research, the atomic bomb is considered an essential invention to have in a country due to its destructive power created by the fission of either plutonium or uranium. Countries across the world would use the atomic device against other countries in order to make advancements. The first atomic weapons that were built for warfare was known as the Little Boy and Fat Man. United States is the first country in history today to ever use the atomic bomb against another country, specifically in Japan on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
According to Merriam-Webster, nuclear fission is defined as “the splitting of an atomic nucleus resulting in the release of large amounts of energy” (Nuclear Fission). In the book Remembering the Manhattan Project: Perspectives on the Making of the Atomic Bomb and Its Legacy, Richard Rhodes, an American journalist and historian, states that fission was essentially discovered by accident. On December 21, 1938, German physicists, Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassman, were performing an experiment in which they bombarded uranium atoms with neutrons (Rhodes 17). They saw that this procedure created mutated atoms that had strange characteristics. Hahn and Strassman found that the neutrons split the nuclei of the uranium in half producing radioactive barium and krypton (Rhodes 18).
The development of the Atomic bomb is the most impressive scientific development in history. The development of the bomb began with scientists working on independent projects, which climaxed with the Manhattan Project, and merged full strength with the testing at Trinity. The background and history of the science that lead up to the Manhattan Project is important because it incorporates many ideas from prior decades. The Manhattan Project is the largest demonstration of the scientific community coming together ever. Hundreds and thousands of people and communities came together for one common goal, to end World War II.
In this race, it was for the creation of the fission bomb. Albert Einstein was also one of the scientists working on fission type reaction. Something different about Einstein is that he is from Germany, a country from the Axis power, and is helping the United States. He is helping the United States instead of Germany because he moved to the United States before Hitler became leader. In 1944, the United States knew Ger... ... middle of paper ... ...knows the United States has the power to use fission bombs.
During World War II, the Americans fought a two-front war, with pressure from both Japan and Germany. The United States, aware that Germany was threatening to build an atomic weapon, created a secret project to develop the technology first. Under the codename, the Manhattan Project, leading scientists carried out top secret research on fission and the technology needed to create the first atomic bomb. The immediate impact of the Manhattan Project was the dropping of two atomic bombs on Japan, ending the war in the Pacific. However, more important influences of this project can be seen following the detonation of the first bombs.
The decision to create the bombs was that of United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt under a secret military project that was called The Manhattan Project. The Beginnings of the Manhattan Project In 1939, after German dictator Adolf Hitler invaded Poland, German scientists shocked the scientific world when they announced that they had split uranium atoms by man-made means for the first time. Upon hearing this news, a nuclear physicist, Leo Szilard, was convinced that a chain reaction of this process could be used as a weapon to release an awesome burst of power. Szilard knew that this knowledge was now in the wrong hands of the enemy Germans. On a July day in 1939 Szilard and his associate, Edward Teller, drove to the Long Island home of Albert Einstein to alert him of their findings.
Einstein, the greatest scientist that ever lived, had figure out the theorems for an atomic bomb all he needed was someone one that would help him make it. America did this knowing that the Germans might have already started. Before they had even time to test it, America let loose this bomb of devastation. The bomb would kill thousands directly and millions indirectly. The bomb would lead to the nuclear science.