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The Court Case Of Brown V. Board Of Education

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Brown vs. Board of Education
Brown vs. Board of Education is one of the most known cases today. It was not just a simple one time case, it lasted for years. It lasted from 1952 to 1954, being officially decided on May 17, 1954. This case took place at Topeka, Kansas at the Board of Education office. The citation number of this case was 347 US 403, docket number 1. Little did the arguers know they would make history and would change everything for the future.
The brown v. board of education was not just one court case it was a combination of 5 court cases that was named Brown v. Board of Education. The main issue in each of the court cases was segregation in public schools. Thurgood Marshall, the NAACP Legal Defense and the Educational Fund
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Board of Education consisted of five court cases which were Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1), Briggs v. Elliot, Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward County, Virginia, Boiling v. Sharpe, and Gebhart v. Ethel (UScourts.gov).These cases led up to Brown v. Board of Education and had the same issues as Brown v. Board of Education. In the cases that made up Brown v. Board of Education many of the witnesses and plaintiffs lost their jobs. During Briggs v. Elliot case Harry Briggs Jr. had to walk five miles to school and back, the father had went the principle and told him that they needed a bus or something. So principle Delaine went to the superintendent and asked him about getting a bus, he said no. The principle started a petition so he could get the NAACP to come and help with the case. They finally get sixty signatures and they come to Clarendon County and go to court. The case gets transferred to the US Supreme Court and gets argued on December 9th through the 11th of 1952. Later on it gets reargued in December 7th through the 9th of 1953. By this time the principle has lost his job and home Harry Briggs Sr. had lost his job and his son still walked to school every day. A question that the Supreme Court had was “Does segregation of children in public schools solely on basis of race deprives the minority children of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the 14th Amendment (Oyez.org)?” The case was decided on May 17th, 1954 by a…show more content…
Board Of Education cases and that helped to show how it has not been equal for years. How “separate but equal” from the 14th amendment was not true, and was not upheld and should be taken away. The Murray v. Maryland of 1936 case was the beginning of the “separate but equal” issues went to court. When the University Of Maryland School Of Law was rejecting black applications, because of their race. In 1933 Thurgood Marshall took this case on, later in 1935 in Baltimore City Marshall that Donald Gaines Murray was just as qualified as the white applicants. There was no law school that had the same academic as this University’s, so it was violating “separate but equal.” The Court agreed and sided with Murray and he was admitted to the University Of Maryland School Of Law, and then graduated (uscourts.gov). Missouri ex rel Gaines v. Canada (1938), in 1936 Lloyd Gaines applied to the University of Missouri Law School. He was denied, because of his race then the state gave him to options go to a different law school in Missouri or go to and out of state law school and they would help pay for it. Gaines denied both options and sued the state, then hired the NAACP for Thurgood Marshalls service (uscourts.gov). Sweat v. Painter (1950), Herman Sweat applied to the University of Texas which was a white school. The school didn’t want him to be admitted into their school so they set up and unfunded black law school. Herman Sweat then sued the
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