Brown wanted to enroll his daughter (Linda Brown) into an all-white school, and she was rejected. They were represented by two of Thurgood Marshall’s assistants in court. When the case was took to the Court the Negro plaintiffs argument was: Segregation of White children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law; for the policy of s... ... middle of paper ... ...nd educational system is a goal worth reaching. On the other side of the outcome people were enraged over schools segregating, President Dwight D. Eisenhower had to send troops into Arkansas in 1957.
Oliver Brown, an African American father, attempted to register his daughter Linda in an all-white public school in Topeka, Kansas; expectedly, he and his daughter were turned away. Brown immediately took the matter to court with the assistance of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Rejected by the district court, the case was taken up to the Supreme Court. The attack on segregation was based upon the clauses of the Fifth Amendment including the Due Process Clause. The case also considered the impact of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Board of Education of Topeka was considered a landmark United States Supreme Court case, in which segregation in public schools between blacks and whites was declared unconstitutional. This case overturned the horrendous “separate but equal” statute that was established in 1863 in the United States Supreme Court case of Plessy v. Ferguson. Parents of twenty African American students who attended elementary school in the Topeka school district filed this case. They called for the school district to reverse its policy on racial segregation in schools. The lower court admits that segregation in schools is detrimental to African American children, but still denies the plaintiffs relief saying that the schools are separate but substantially equal regarding the buildings, transportation, curriculum, and educational qualifications of teachers.
Imagine having to walk twelve miles in the snow or ride a bus thirty minutes just to get to school in the morning when there is a school two miles away from your house, how about having to use a textbook that has not been updated for years. That is exactly what it felt like to be an African American child during times of segregation in our country. In this paper I am going to explore the reasons for the Brown v. Board of Education case, the case itself and the affect it had on society then and our society now. Segregation started in the United Sates after the end of the civil war during the reconstruction era when the government created what was known as Jim Crow laws which stated that states could impose legal punishments on people who consorted
The Governor of Arkansas, Orville Faubous, announced that it would be impossible to keep Law and order if black children started at the school. He sent troopers to the school to make sure that the black did not get in the school. Black people in Little Rock took Faubus to court and he ordered to remove the troopers. President Eisenhower then sent 1,000 paratroopers to Little Rock to protect the black children. After all this had happened integration was speeded up in some towns.
The big argument is over these few years of affirmative action. Have they alleviated the pain of the Jim Crow laws? The answer to that question is no. Especially, in the case of the University of Michigan‘s use of Affirmative Action in the acceptance of students. Using race as a factor of admission is wrong and is reverse discrimination.
This became the start of legal segregation as juries couldn’t have African Americans, public schools became segregated, and African Americans had restrictions on testifying against majorities. In 1887, Jim Crow Laws started to arise, and segregation becomes rooted into the way of life of southerners (“Timeline”). Then in 1890, Louisiana passed the “Separate Car Act.” This forced rail companies to provide separate rail cars for minorities and majorities. If a minority sat in the wrong car, it cost them $25 or 20 days in jail. Because of this, an enraged group of African American citizens had Homer Plessy, a man who only had one eighth African American heritage, purchase a ticket and sit in a “White only” c... ... middle of paper ... ...t may not seem large, can have enormous effects in the future.
and Berkeley -- largely because the high schools in black and Latino neighborhoods routinely fail to offer the advanced placement courses that are readily available in white neighborhoods and that are taken into account when the elite colleges make admissions decisions. The American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California has challenged this arrangement in a class-action lawsuit. Having eliminated the race-sensitive policies that once compensated for these inequalities, California is now being forced to deal with the inferior public schools that made those policies necessary. The University of Texas has learned a similar lesson since a federal court ruling forced it to abandon race-based admissions policies in 1996. Black and Latino enrollment dipped precipitously in the first year, but rose again after the legislature passed a law guaranteeing college admission to all students who graduate in the ... ... middle of paper ... ...no children to fall behind.
Linda's father, Oliver Brown, tried to enroll her in the white elementary school, but the principal of the school refused. Brown went to McKinley Burnett, the head of Topeka's branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and asked for help. The NAACP was eager to assist the Browns, as it had long wanted to challenge segregation in public schools. Other black parents joined Brown, and, in 1951, the NAACP requested an injunction that would forbid the segregation of Topeka's public schools (NAACP). The U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas heard Brown's case from June 25-26, 1951.
The Topeka Board Of Education”, the argument was about which school Linda brown should go to. Her father thought it was wrong that she should go to a school for black children that was further away from her home and less well looked after than nearby schools for white children. With the help of the NAACP he took his case to the Supreme Court and they ruled in his favour, overruling the 1896 case of “Plessey vs. The Rail Road Company”. Segregation was now officially illegal.