Thus, the extra financial burden of capital punishment contributes to a greater balance of unhappiness vs. happiness. There are three problems with this argument. First, such financial calculations typically do not take into account that much of the legal counseling for death row inmates is free, which does not cost the taxpayer. Second, even if this is a true description of the cost of capital punishment in the United States and other developed countries, it is not representative of the cost of criminal executions worldwide. Indeed, one might reasonably expect that in many developing countries executions are substantially cheaper than life imprisonment costs (Gottfried 3).
The fight for survival in correctional facilities and prisons within the United States has created subcultures that breed racism, hate, and natural occurring violence. As inmates are moving in and out of facilities, and are forced back into society to adapt on their own, they soon realize that who they were in jail, is who they can not be once they 're released. According to Hanser (pg. 204), the prison economy is one of the key measures of influence that an inmate may have within inmate population. When being in jail/prison, one should first understand that making enemies is one thing they would want to avoid, or else they possibly would be fearing death.
Income growth and an aging population each had a greater effect on the decline in national crime rates than jailing. Mass incarceration and tough-on-crime policies have had huge social and money-related consequences--from its eighty billion dollars per-year price tag to its many societal costs, including an increased risk of recidivism due to barbarous conditions in prison and a lack of after-release reintegration opportunities. The government needs to rethink their strategy and their policies that are bad
Some states still have hard labor that inmates must perform while incarcerated; the term chain gang may be familiar to may people and often paints the picture of inmates doing manual labor while connected together by chains and shackles (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition. September 2013). Many states have moved away from this form of punishment, while in other states it is still widely used (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition. September 2013). Some states are now having offenders, who have been classified as low risk, go into the private sector and work regular jobs even while incarcerated.
Inside Story of the Prison System We are all accustomed to believing that prisons are places of justice, hardship, and prosecution of those who have broken the law. Many people trust that the inmates are completely cut off from connections with the outside. Most people believe criminals receive the punishment they deserve by depriving them of the rights and privileges that the rest of society enjoys. There are many questions that will remain unanswered, but one important question would be: Is the prison system effective, or is the staff making it too easy for the inmates to deal with contraband? There are many issues that involve prison systems such as overcrowding, but the one I find most interesting is the drug abuse and ways inmates obtain these drugs.
Finally this paper will propose some personal solutions I think would help ease some of the issues correction officers and those in the criminal justice system have to deal with daily. Prison Gangs: A College Profile The prison gangs that exist in the United States are a major concern for all those involved in the criminal justice system. From the humble beginnings in 1950 with the Gypsy Jokers Gang, to modern day entities like the Aryan Brotherhood, gangs have grown to numbers in the tens of thousands and are at times out of control (Orlando-Morningstar, 1997) Through the use of assault, bribery, intimidation, and murder, the gangs have become a powerful force inside and outside of prison. Law enforcement officers today have the tremendous task of arresting and maintaining discipline of these offenders once locked away in jail or prison. It is paramount that the correctional officers that are in charge of overseeing these criminals maintain the standards and are strong willed and trustworthy.
Life in prison without the possibility of parole offers satisfaction to victims and their loved ones. The death penalty is a very lengthy process and can take years to reach a verdict, which causes more distress to effected families. Michael J. Wilkins, a state supreme court justice, has had history with the death penalty and says, “Based on our experience, a sentence of life without parole may be less expensive to the state, more miserable for the guilty, and more certain for the victims and society.” Life in prison without parole is considered a sentence to death in incarceration. Life in prison without parole is actually a cheaper route for the tax payer, where judicial cases without the death penalty costs tax payers $740,000, meanwhile judicial cases there the death penalty is used costs tax payers $1,260,000. If we stopped practicing the death penalty, we could fund extra hundreds of millions of dollars into services that need it more.
The taxpayers are the ones that end up paying for those defenders. When selecting a jury, it is more time consuming and more expensive than a regular trial. There are expectations of a jury for the death penalty because it goes longer than normal. With a death penalty case, you normally have a pre-trial that is a little more complicated than a normal trial. In the pre-trial, there is forensic evidence that is introduced as well as the defendant’s mental and social history.
(Sharp, 1997) In attempting to find articles stating that the the death penalty is less expensive than life with out parole, I came across many more supporting it the other way around. There is no definite facts on the exact amount of money because each state is different in the pricing which lead to the finding out that in some states, the death penalty is much more expensive than life with out parole, but in other states, life without parole is the pricier option. It is shown that when comparing which is the more expensive choice, it is actually based on how much the tax payers are paying. This proves that life without parole is more expensive because tax payers are paying the same amount of money each year for the inmate. When there is not a death penalty and they do not get executed, the tax payers are paying yearly for how ever long the person is alive for vs the average 6 years that a person on death row is an inmate.
A lot of money is spent on these things. Some people think that it is more expensive to keep a criminal alive, and that’s actually not true. “In fact, in Furman, Justice Marshall recognized that ‘when all is said and done, there can be no doubt that it costs more to execute a man than to keep him in prison for life”’ (McLaughlin). Even though the death penalty has existed for a long time now, crimes keep