They have been so influential that the youth of the congregation shows the same dedication and zeal for their faith while upholding the relationship within the underground organization. The younger generation showed a wide variety of understanding of their religion. Before the Cultural Revolution, the attempts to stifle the efforts of the Chinese Christians just seemed to cause them to become even more determined to fight for their right to practice their theology. Aikman makes it seem as if the Chinese Christians are of the oppressed people because of their beliefs. He often glorifies the actions of the members, with little mentioning of the brute force used.
Confucianism was incredibly useful to East Asian rulers, as it provided an ideology that in many ways worked in their favor. Not only did it provide social stability, but it also created loyalty through education. The prevalence of these notions can be most clearly seen in China, Korea, and Japan. In China, a meritocracy was created, forever changing social restrictions and slowly dissolving the aristocracy. In Korea, although the aristocracy was still kept intact, a meritocracy within the upper, yangban¸class was formed.
One of the men who made so much headway in China was a Jesuit named Ricci. Ricci was gifted, and knew the value of the gifts he possessed. As a linguist, Ricci used his western mnemonic techniques that were unfamiliar to the Chinese to impress the literati. The Chinese literati were considered higher members of society, and to be a high member of society it required a person passing a series of examinations. Examinations were the basis of almost all official positions as well.
He presented the idea of perfecting the human personality by incorporating the five virtues of Jen, Li, Hsiao Ti, Chung-Su and I (Smith 1973, p 66) until the ideal of a perfect man and true gentleman is reached. Confucianism changed everything about China including the way the government ran the country and how young people were being educated. This essay will examine Confucianism as a philosophy, rather than a religion, and how it acted as a moral guide to a way of living in Chinese society in order to create cultural unification and social harmony. Confucianism is the central philosophy to the way of Chinese thinking and acting in society. Confucianism is based on the ideas of K´ung Fu-tzu who was known as Confucius in western societies.
In order to reach goal which make the people in China believe in god, they went through a lot of difficulties. But also because of these difficulties, they shattered Ricci’s original dream which was easy to preaching in a different country into pieces. Ricci and others thus tried to find another accessible and more realistic way to achieve their goals. One way to approach their goals was translating the thoughts and books in European to Chinese and made the people have access to understand knowledge... ... middle of paper ... ...he conscious intentionality of work and Ricci’s exploitation of his subject matter for Christian purpose.” (Brook, p.832)That meant because Ricci had his own Christian purpose to tell the story in such way, it was not respectful to Ricci’s original intention when Spence told the reader the facts. Despites those small shortcomings, Spence did a really good job in portraying the historical figure Ricci.
Chinese people have always felt like independent people, even in extremely hard times. They can always turn to their religion for power. If the system is getting too relaxed, then there is always a possibility to turn to “old” ways. Scholars and thinkers were able to revive “old” ways of thinking or practicing and by instituting those ideas into civil service exams and by other means to filter down to the common people. ... ... middle of paper ... ...ctuals (in China) push themselves forward in an effort to understand as much as possible.
He is a classical Chinese politician who is unwilling to fight against the authority but eager to devote talent to the country. In the textbook, he is too perfect to be true. As “the process of hero-making” states: certain etiquette coerce us all into speaking in respectful tones about the past, especially when we are passing on Out Heritage to our young. There is no doubt students should keep enough respects Zhou due to his contribution to China, but he description of Enlai Zhou on our textbook is way too flattering. In my perspective, Enlai Zhou public image carries too much expectation and burden----Chinese people’s expectation of a Premiere, perfect partner of Mao, intellectual foreign diplomacy, etc.
Chinese education was influenced heavily by the Cultural Revolution. Whether the influences were positive or negative, they still had a huge relatively positive impact on Chinese society. The education reforms enforced the idea of making education more available for all children in China, especially those who came from poorer backgrounds. China tried to create a system that eased the burden and difficulty of attending schools. Even though many scholars say that the education reforms during the Cultural Revolution were failures, I believe the reforms were able to make a huge difference in China’s education system.
When the media found out about Liddell’s stunning career change, they asked if he regretted his decision to leave behind the fame and glory of athletics. Liddell responded to the question, "It's natural for a chap to think over all that sometimes, but I'm glad I'm at the work I'm engaged in now. A fellow's life counts for far more at this than the other” (Burnton). The first job that Liddell took as a missionary was being a school teacher for wealthy Chinese students (Metaxas 167). The ideology behind having a missionary teach wealthy children was that after the children finished their schooling, they would become influential figures in China and promote Christian values throughout the country (168).
Even though these religions are very different they are also very the same. They wanted to help society and help the individuals in the society. They were two very smart individuals that have affected the world when they were alive and will affect anyone who follows their religions in the future. Bibliography Encyclopedia Americana; 1994; S. v. “Confucianism” Encyclopedia Britanica; 1991; S.v. “Confucianism” Creel, H.G., Confucius and the Chinese Way, New York: Harper and Bro.