Genetically Modified Organism was introduced to the public approximately fourteen years ago. Genetically Modified Organism was brought about through Plant Biotechnology, which has been researched for centuries. Farmers’ crops are everything to their business, and wanting to preserve their product is top significance. A solution to the numerous possibilities of hindrance genetically modified organism was spawned. Traditional breeding included different processes, such as sowing seeds from the resilient plants in order to produce a new generation.
23 February 2011. McAfee, Kathleen. “Geographies of Risk and Difference in Crop Genetic Engineering.” Geographical Review 94.1 (January 2004): 80-106. JSTOR. Web.
Plants have been selectively crossbred for centuries to develop heartier and more productive hybrids. Now, Biotechnology offers us the ability to transfer desired traits into plants much faster and more selectively by merely transplanting the desired gene into the grain. Genetically Modified Grain (GMO grain) is now available to the public. It has the potential to revolutionize the agriculture industry by giving us the potential to substantially increase yield, lessen the strain on the environment, improve economics for farmers, and help meet incredible demand for food that will come as the population nearly doubles in forthcoming decades (Knutson, 1999). However, GMO grain also has its drawbacks.
GMO Compass, 12 Nov. 2007. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. Pillips, Theresa, Ph.D. "Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs): Transgenic Crops and Recombinant DNA Technology."
You may not know it, but in the United States GM foods are quite prevalent. Approximately 65% of foods in the U.S. contain some variation of genetically altered ingredients (Ulrich 9). And of that portion, 89% of soybeans and 61% of corn is transgenic (Powell 529). This technology came to prominence in the 1990’s and since then has been a subject of much controversy. Proponents preach the undeniable health and growing benefits of this new development.
Now, in the year of 2014, biotechnologists have the ability to do things akin to that of science fiction novels. The idea of genetically modifying plants to behave in any way we want, an idea once fantasized about many years ago, is now a reality. In our modern age, we can manipulate the actual DNA of an organism using enzymes to copy, cut and paste genes in any location or order we please. This technology is even used on the plants we consume as food, provoking a huge controversy on a global scale. This issue is most prevalent within the US though.
12; August 19, 2002 < http://www.colostate.edu/programs/lifesciences/TransgenicCrops/allergy.html> Robinson, Clare. "GM Issues: An Introduction to the Scientific Issues of GM" John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK 2000: Stokstad, Erik. "A Little Pollen Goes a Long Way" Science Now July 1, 2002: 1-2. "What's Wrong with Genetic Engineering?" Organic Consumers Association Par.1; < http://www.frankenfoods.org/>
30) Food Ethics Council “Novel Foods: Beyond Nuffield” (1999) p 24 31) “Applying the Precautionary Principle to Genetically Modified Crops” Center for the Study of American Business. August 24, 2000. www.foodsafetynetwork.ca/gmo/GM-precautionary-princ.htm 32) Nuffield Council on Bioethics “Genetically modified crops: the ethical and social issues” (1999), London. 33) “GM quotes” http://100777.com/node/447
AgBioForum. 6 (4): 155-161. From http://www.agbioforum.missouri.edu/v6n4/v6n4a02-raab.pdf Whitman, D. (2000). Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful. from http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php.