This act also pr... ... middle of paper ... ...ving twice been a resident on Free soil. The lower court and the Missouri Supreme Court ruled against him; and the case went to the US Supreme Court. The Chief Justice Rodger Taney declared that the Missouri Compromise, was unconstitutional and the congress didn’t have the power. The issue of slavery, once again, made war sound as if it couldn’t be avoided. The 1820 Missouri Compromise was known as highly dangerous and conflicting as it was trying to keep an equal balance of Free and slave-holding states between the North and the South, although the compromise did play a vital role in withholding the peace between the North and the South until the new compromise in 1854 came about.
The first real crisis over territorial expansion took place in 1819-1821 over the admission of the state of Missouri. The proposed state of Missouri was the first (beside Louisiana itself) to be carved out of the Louisiana Purchase. It lay out of the jurisdiction of the Northwest Ordinance, which prohibited slavery in the Northwest Territories, and had a long tradition of slavery. Therefore, in 1817 Missouri applied to the Union as a slave state. The extension of slavery so far north and the threat of further expansion of slavery into all new territories of the U.S. created havoc in Congress.
The problem Congress had with accepting Missouri as a slave state was the new uneven count of free states and slave states. With proslavery states and antislavery states already getting into arguments, having a dominant number of either slave or free states would just ignite the flame even more. Many representatives from the north, such as James Tallmadge of New York, had already tried to pass another amendment that would abolish slavery everywhere. Along with other tries to eliminate slavery, his effort was soon shot down. The fact that people couldn’t agree on whether or not slavery should be legalized made trying to compose and pass a law nearly impossible.
Missouri Compromise (1820) When Missouri applied for statehood as a slave state, there was much debate as the balance of slave and free states would be tipped over in favor of the slave states. This would give the South more power in the Senate. One solution by the House was to pass an amendment that would enter Missouri as a slave state, but Missouri could not bring more slaves in and that slave children would be set free. However, this amendment was not passed in the Senate. Another solution to this problem was created by Henry Clay called the Missouri Compromise.
The Missouri Compromise was an effort to preserve the balance of power between pro-slavery states, and anti-slavery states. At the time when Missouri asked to become a new state, there was eleven states that allowed slavery, and eleven states that did not allow slavery (History.com Staff). If Missouri had joined the union, then the balance would have shifted in favor of pro-slavery states. Northerners argued that congress had a right to ban slavery in a new state, while Southern states argued that new states had just as much right to decide if they wanted to allow slavery as the original thirteen colonies did (History.com Staff). The compromise did two things; first, it allowed Maine to enter as a free state, and Missouri to come in with slaves; second, slavery would be prohibited in the Lo... ... middle of paper ... ...y.
By the compromise of 1787 Missouri would have become a free state because of the majority being North of the Ohio River. Slaveholders, however, were determined to bring slavery into Missouri, and a substantial number of slaveholders settled in Missouri.3 The proponents of the Missouri Bill argued that congress had no right to interfere with the construction of a state constitution except that it be Republican in form.
The states below the line would be classified as slave states, and those above the line were classified as free states. The compromise also supported slavery in the District of Columbia, and asked for a great deal of suppression of African slave trade. It also stated that Congress would have no power to abolish slavery in states that permitted slave holding, and could not prohibit the transportation of slaves from one slave holding state to another. The Crittenden Compromise failed in the House of Representatives in January of 1861 by a vote of 113 to 80, and then failed in the Senate in March of 1861 by a vote of 20 to 19. The Missouri Compromise was passed by the United States Congress to end the first of many problems they were faced with, concerning the extension of slavery in new United States territories.
He favored expansion, and believed that slavery had to come to an end in Mexico and if new land were to be acquired there should be no slavery to inhabit that land. His persistence of two years to win the vote for the Wilmot Proviso- acquired territory should be free land- failed in 1850. This proviso, though it failed, prompted discussion about secession. The south had not agreed with the idea of acquired land being free land, and wanted it to be slave land, further considering the idea of secession. In 1820 the Missouri compromise provided a balance between free and slave states, if a slave stat... ... middle of paper ... ...may be necessary to put the foot down” which is what ended the issue of slavery (Tindall 690).
The union faced its first obstacle when the decision to admit states arose. Maine, Missouri and new territories recently gained, known as the Louisiana Territory, each applied for admission into the Union. At the time the south lead the senate in votes by a slim margin; moreover, Maine was admitted as a free-state, while Missouri was admitted as a slave-state. It was also decided that none of the Louisiana Territory would permit slave labor. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 triggered a negative reaction from both sides: the abolitionists despised the expansion of slavery in Missouri, while supporters of slavery desired more land than Missouri that allow... ... middle of paper ... ...weighed it options and each statem, one-by-one, seceded, in the hopes that slavery would be preserved.
The matter of slavery escalated during the 1850s, even after comprises in 1820 and 1850. Causes include debate of acknowledging Missouri as a slave state in 1820, the acquirement of Texas as a slave state in 1845 and the status of slavery in western territories, won as a result of the Mexican-American War and the resulting Compromise of 1850. The North tried to eliminate slavery from dominated territories in the Wilmot Proviso after the United States’ triumph over Mexico, but the attempt failed in the Senate. The disagreements over slavery ended the Whig and Know Nothing political parties. It also caused the Democratic Party between the North and South to split, while the new Republican Party fought to end the expansion of slavery.