The Contributions of Isaac Newton

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Isaac Newton was an English Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Philosopher, Alchemist and a Theologian. He can be seen as one of the most influential men in history, as well as one of the greatest scientists ever lived, for all of his contributions, discoveries and hard work. He was very influential in the Sciences, many are tied together with one another; he also made a great contribution to Astronomy. Isaac Newton was born January 4, 1963 in Woolsthrope, Lincolnshire. He died March 31, 1727 in London. At this time, England hadn’t adopted the Georgian Calendar (they didn’t until 1752), so technically he was born on Christmas Day, December 25, 1642. He was born the same year in which Galileo had died. Newton was born prematurely, almost 15 weeks early and he was so small that he wasn’t expected to live. He did not have a very happy childhood. From ages twelve to seventeen Isaac Newton was educated at The King’s School, Grantham. In Grantham, Newton was first introduced to chemicals, which started his fascination of apothecary. After his grammar school, he was supposed to come back and take care of the farm and be a farmer. However, it turned out that he was a lousy farmer. It was then decided that it would be good for him to go to university, so went on to attend Cambridge University, in 1661. His plan was to go to this college to obtain a Law Degree. He paid his way through the first three years of college by waiting tables, cleaning rooms for the faculty and wealthier students, and doing odd jobs. During these years he became very interested in Mathematics, Optics, Physics and Astronomy. It was when he started to read about parallelograms and geometry that he changed his mind in getting a Law Degree. In his fourth year of c... ... middle of paper ... ...ew good examples of this, one is with a bicycle. A bike will not move unless someone/something pushes, pulls, or rides it. But if someone is riding it and jumps off, then it will still continue to move. Newton came up with this theory and found that an object staying still or moving at a steady speed in a relatively straight line is called inertia. The second law states about how “a force acts on an object”. The object goes in the direction the force moves it towards. Example: if you pedal a bike in the direction which you are going, then the bike will speed up; if you pedal the bike backwards, in the opposite direction which you are going, then the bike will slow down or stop. The third law states that “if an object is pushed or pulled, it will push or pull equally in the opposite direction”; also stated as for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

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