The Contribution of Bomber Command to Bringing About the Defeat of Germany

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The Contribution of Bomber Command to Bringing About the Defeat of Germany It can be safely said that Bomber Command played an important role in the overall defeat of Germany in World War Two. However, it is unlikely that the contribution of Bomber Command was decisive in bringing victory for the allies. There were other factors in the war, which were equally, if not more, important than Bomber Command's input. Probably the main points being; the Eastern front holding out longer than the Germans had expected, the Western, North African and Italian Fronts spreading the German resources too thin, the huge amount of resources of the US coming into play along with the aerial supremacy of the USAAF, all definitely played major parts in the defeat of the Axis powers. In 1939 the tensions within Europe had got to such a stage that the onset of war was inevitable. Bomber Command were under such strict instructions to minimise the number of civilian casualties that they were reluctant to bomb German warships while docked for fear of killing dock staff that might have been nearby. This goes to show just how much Bomber Command changed as the war began. For instance, by August 1943 close to 40,000 German civilians were killed in Hamburg and then in February 1945 an even larger number of civilian casualties was reported as Dresden was bombarded. By the end of the war they could dispatch over 1500 aircraft compared to the mere 280 at the beginning. Despite the massive improvement in the quality of Bomber Command it is hard to say whether they achieved their aims. Arthur Harris had said at the start of the war that they would try to " Bomb Germany out of the war" but as the war came to a close Bomber Command had not made a very significant difference to the outcome of the war. In the final quarter of 1944 Bomber Command dropped more bombs than it had in the whole of 1943. In the last 3 months of 1944 they dropped 163,266 tons of bombs out of 525,518 tons in the year.

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