While original settlers came to America to create a Christian homeland where they could practice their faith how they wanted, America quickly became a homeland for religious freedom through a mixing pot of differing religions, cultures, and ethnicities, enough open land for them to exist together, and the key idea of the separation of Church and State. The Protestants who emigrated to America knew from experience of the negative effect the government had on religion when the two were operating together. With the mindset of creating a new perfect holy land, they decided to make sure both church and state worked separately. While Puritans still did everything they could to enforce their beliefs in New England, including exiling those who did not attend church regularly, the core idea of separation of church and state was in the minds of the people. In order to have a country that values the freedom of religion, the church has to be out of any government policy.
It’s the responsibility of the worshipper to understand the consequences associated with disobeying God’s rules, and if he/she doesn’t listen, he/she will suffer the ultimate price, and god will turn against him/her. The Puritans believed that people must engage with God internally, and truly grip and capture the essence of his religious scripture. One might infer that if one is to be a true follower of God, one must be do God justice rightfully and justifiably. According to John Winthrop, in "A Modell of Christian Charitie," the “m... ... middle of paper ... .... He said the most important thing is that people read the bible, engage in their faith, act unified, work humbly, support each other, and refuse to work falsely with God.
They shared the same goal in persuading people into Christianity, yet differed greatly in the way they chose to develop their sermons. Winthrop, a Puritan who wrote based on new religious and social ideals, composed the famous sermon “A Model of Christian Charity.” This sermon was an optimistic account of the way an exemplary Christian should behave. The approach used by Winthrop contrasts with that of Jonathan Edward’s sermon “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.” While both men shared Puritan views, Edwards focuses less on the positive side of Christianity, and more on the wrath of God. Winthrop provides a more convincing sermon by discussing the moral Law of Grace, while Edwards discusses God’s mercy. Winthrop uses multiple stories and verses that apply to his message, while Edward’s sermon was written based on one verse.
They also emphasize that America created the Constitution was created to make a person’s religious standing irrelevant to hold office or voice a political opinion. They cover many topics addressed by the American public when trying to decide on the placement of God in our Constitution. They are writing to help Americans gain a greater understanding of what our forefather’s intended when writing the Constitution. To understand why these two men are writing about The Godless Constitution, an approach on what they believe are America’s views is needed. In the first paragraph of the first chapter they state that they believe America argues over foolish things.
In the book Give Me Liberty: An American History by Eric Foner he notes that: “Puritanism, however, was not simply a set of ideas but a state of mind, a zealousness in pursuing the true faith that alienated many who held differing religious views” (Foner 63). The Puritans saw religion not as just a belief but as life, they had an obligation to God to be the ideal Christians. This idea that their religion was their life lead to the idea of a covenant with God. Including this is Digital History The Puritan Idea of the Covenant: “All social relationships...were envisioned in terms of a covenant or contract which rested on consent and mutual responsibilities.” This idea of a covenant emphasized the Puritans' belief that they were responsible of their religion and to live up to their end of the contract they had to follow God's law or the bible to a “T”. The Puritans' beliefs were incredibly strong, but this overzealous attitude towards their religious beliefs contributed to troubles down the road.
Although his views of being a Baptist and a seeker contradicted that of the Puritans, Roger Williams preached throughout the Rhode Island colony of religious toleration. The people who followed his preaching valued respect toward religions other than their own. As a result, Roger Williams also encouraged religious freedom. Later on he also introduced the idea of the separation of the church and the state in a government in his book The Bloudy Tenet of Persecution. He specifically called for the toleration of all Christian denominations as well as Catholicism and Judaism.
John Wycliff stirred up controversy in teaching the freedom of religious conscience of the individual believer, who stood in faith directly before God in 1370. Wycliff's followers, contemptuously called "Lollards," preached reform in England. Also, Wycliff's movement made much of the bible available to the masses in its English translation from the Vulgate. This gave the people a more personal relationship with God because they could educate themselves by reading the word. The church did not like this nor did they like Wycliff's movement.
In Uncle Tom's Cabin, Stowe is trying to show the people that a blending of Christian values and politics will help change and unite the nation. According to Professor Eric Sundquist, “the novel was revolutionary in demanding that the sacred and secular realms be united, that the role of God be reinserted into an American political system that paid lip service to Christian ideals and constantly invoked them in its discourse but failed to act upon them seriously.” Stowe believes that transformation could occur through the power of Christian love. It would not be enough to just change the laws for the people to change their views that have been instilled in them for generations. The people have to change their views to respect and love one another no matter their race or gender so we could come together to become better nation. The abolitionist wanted to end slavery and give the slaves their rights as an equal American.
The eyes of all people are upon us, so that if we shall deal falsely with our god in this work we have undertaken, and so cause him to withdraw his present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world". This shows that their goal was to create a wholesome Christian community, where Christianity could be worshiped in proper ways. It also shows that they believe if they do not do the work God has given them, that he will refuse to help them and they will perish. They felt that ... ... middle of paper ... ...hesapeake region was focused on profits and making money. Some of these settlers went even further to make a profit by picking to plant their tobacco crops before they planted their main food resource, corn.
2032. Print. Leffelholz, Mary. The Norton Anthology Of American Literature. 7th.