The Constitution: The Father Of The Constitution

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As discussed above, the Declaration laid out the foundation for which the country of America would be built upon. However, a foundation alone is not enough to govern a new, burgeoning country. There were many, like James Madison, who recognized this and sought to remedy it by collaborating on a new document, one which would create the substantial framework America needed if it was to prosper (Cummins 2015, 83-84). From this, the Constitution of 1787 was born, a document that united the Colonies and legally established the purposes, powers, and responsibilities of each branch of government (Cummings 2015, 84-85). Although it was a more comprehensive and detailed document, the Constitution was not a divergence from the Declaration. Rather, it…show more content…
(Cummings 2015, 94). Madison was a proponent of democracy but feared the divisiveness that direct democracy could cause, mainly the problem of factions. Madison described factions as “a number of citizens…united… by some common passion, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the…aggregate interests of the community” (Cummings 2015, 97). Unfortunately, he realized that the “causes of factions [could not] be removed” because they were the product of a liberty, which allowed men to form different opinions (Cummings 2015, 97; 99). One of his solutions to the problems of factions was to establish America as a republic. Madison saw republics as having the ability counter factions in two ways. First, republics encouraged political participation of the masses through avenues such as voting and running for office. By having a large pool of people, each with their own diverse, competing interests participating in politics, Madison believed it help to safeguard against the tyranny of one group, or “the formation of a cohesive majority” (Cummings 2015, 94). Second, by creating a government of representatives, in which each delegate had to be elected by the majority, he hoped that only people of “moderation…would rise to positions of leadership” (Cummings 2015, 94). Madison’s other…show more content…
Drawing on Locke, Jefferson established that government was to protect man’s natural rights and equality, receive its power through popular sovereignty and be altered or abolished by the people’s right to revolution if it was abusive. The unamended Constitution took the values of the Declaration and used them as a foundation for which they would build the United States of America. What was created by the Madison and the other Framers of the Constitution was the world’s first federalist republic, a country and system of government ultimately grounded in the principles of the Declaration of
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