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The Conflict Diamonds of Africa

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A beautiful precious diamond can last forever, but what most people do not know is that a majority of our diamonds come from Africa. The civil wars in Africa over diamonds began around 1961 and ended in 2003. Conflict diamonds were rampant and it would be difficult to say if any jewelry sold prior to 2003 was conflict free. Conflict diamonds are diamonds that have been mined and were controlled by African rebels. The rebels would use the profits from selling conflict diamonds to fund illegal activity and to purchase more weapons for their armies. While rebels had control of the diamond mines they killed approximately 4 million people and countless families were displaced.

The acts of violence that were performed by rebels in Africa were horrific. Adults and children were murdered, mutilated, tortured, and raped. The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) in Sierra Leone performed despicable acts of cutting off a people's body parts with machetes to instill fear in the community. If you were working in the diamond mines and not performing up to the standards of the rebels you would lose a body part as punishment. Rebels would continue to do this from one village to another in order “to take control of the mines in the area” (Hoyt). It is estimated that in Sierra Leone that over 20,000 people suffered mutilation. The acts that the rebels performed to these innocent victims was clearly a violation to their human rights. The RUF collected 125 million a year to fund their war on the government and the people of Sierra Leone.

Some of the highest producing diamond mines are countries in Africa. Countries that had some of the highest rate of conflict were Angola, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. The ...

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...e and to gain support from the diamond trade on educating consumers. With the help of these organizations and many others it will help save the lives of millions from violence or death.

Works Cited

The Conflict-Free Diamond Council. 2004. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

http://www.diamondfacts.org/index.php%3Foption%3Dcom_content%26view%3Darticle%26id%3D128%26Itemid%3D134%26lang%3Den

Howden, Daniel. "Exclusive: The Return of Blood Diamonds - Africa, World - The Independent." The Independent | News | UK and Worldwide News | Newspaper. 25 June 2009. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

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Hoyt, Alia. "HowStuffWorks "Blood Diamonds in Africa"" Howstuffworks "History" 21

Apr.2008. Web. 11 Mar. 2011.

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