The Conflict Between Israel And Palestine And The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

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The ongoing and explosive Israeli-Palestinian conflict has its roots in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century when two major nationalist movements among the Jews and Arabs were born. Both of these groups’ movements were geared toward attaining sovereignty for their people in the Middle East, where they each had historical and religious ties to the land that lies between the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. Toward the end of the 19th century, Southern Syria (Palestine) was divided into two regions, inhabited primarily by Arab Muslims, and ruled by the Turkish Ottoman Empire (BBC News). At this time, most of the Jews worldwide lived predominantly in eastern and central Europe. When the Zionist political movement was established in 1887 and began to fund land purchases in the Ottoman Empire controlled region of Palestine, tensions between the two groups arose. Since then, Israel and Palestine have been vying for control of this land that they both covet, and this conflict remains as one of the world’s major sources of instability today, involving many different players. One of these players who continues to halt the peace process, is a militant fundamentalist Islamic organization called Hamas. Hamas has intensified extreme opposition and bloodshed in the region, with the aim of destroying the state of Israel. However, few people know that starting in the mid 1970s, Israel secretly supported an organization that would later emerge as Hamas, even though both groups had competing future visions for the nation. Why did it choose to do this when it had so much at stake? This paper will address the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict leading up to the beginning of Israeli support of Hama... ... middle of paper ... ...ntial support, especially among Palestinian youth. As long as the Brotherhood remained aggressive toward the PLO, and non-aggressive toward the Israelis, Israel continued support, even when it was advised of the potential repercussions. However this support backlashed in 1988, when the Muslim Brotherhood created Hamas and announced its final goal of destructing the State of Israel. Without the support of the Israel, the Muslim Brotherhood would never have been able to achieve as much influence as it did in the region nor have created the Hamas organization. It appears that Hamas was in part a creation of Israel that could have been prevented if the country, in its desperation, had not chosen to support an organization merely in order to weaken a bigger enemy. Unbeknownst to them at the time, Israel was actually supporting and creating its own biggest enemy.

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