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The Concept of Happiness In Light of Al Farabi & Al Ghazzali’s Work

analytical Essay
2251 words
2251 words
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It is said that happiness is a feeling that lies in the clarity of the soul, tranquility of the heart, and peace of the mind. However it is also said that happiness is the actual sense of fulfillment that arises from hard work and self-actualization. It is an intangible state of mind that all humans aim to conquer. Sometimes people tend to associate happiness with something familiar, with what they lack or fail to maintain, for if they fall ill, it would be health and if they were short of money, it would be wealth. If we considered these as particular goods or transitory moments of joy that are subject to change, then what defines the ultimate happiness? With all the different views on happiness, what makes some claim that there can only be one true meaning for man’s ultimate bliss, and all the rest of meanings are fallacious ones? Aristotle says “Our task is to become good men, or to achieve the highest human good. That good is happiness”. This paper aims to examine and evaluate the concept of happiness according to each of Al Farabi & Al Ghazali, whereby it sheds light on the elements of true happiness for each author, their mutual views, road of attaining it as well as their divergence of thought regarding that concept, taking into consideration the influence of Islamic theology. To begin with, Islamic theology clearly defines the notion of happiness as well as structures ways of achieving it for both body and soul. However, soul is given greater importance and association with Happiness. The Quran expresses the soul (nafs) as the unit that achieves happiness whereby achieving it, is dependent on nurturing of the soul. It speaks of three different stages of soul development. First “Al nafs al ammara... ... middle of paper ... ...refore the concept of happiness can be possibly achievable within the complementary context of both authors. Happiness can take the intuitive meaning, inward self-experience of Al Ghazali however it can always be a more practical happiness once associated with the virtuous actions of Alfarabi. Bibliography : • AL Farabi : 1-Fakhry, Majid. Al-Farabi, founder of Islamic Neoplatonism : his life, works and influence, Oxford: Oneworld,c 2002. Print. 2-Walzer. Richard , MabadI’ Ara’ Ahl Al-Madina-Al Fadila. Rev.ed, Print 3-Mahdi, Muhsin .The Attainment of Happiness. Rev.ed, New York, Cornell University Press. Print • Al-Ghazzali, Mohamad ,The Alchemy of happiness, London : J. Murray, 1910. Print. • • Thomson, J.A.K. The Ethics of Aristotle. London, Penguin Group , 1955. • Al-Zayidi, Abd Allah B. Abd al-Aziz. "The Quran Speaks of Happiness." RSS. Web.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that happiness is an intangible state of mind that all humans aim to conquer.
  • Explains that islamic theology defines the notion of happiness and structures ways of achieving it for both body and soul. the quran expresses the soul as the unit that achieves happiness.
  • Analyzes how al farabi believes that man was created to attain the highest happiness. he emphasizes that happiness cannot be attained without the aid or help of other individuals in his community.
  • Analyzes how alfarabi emphasizes voluntary obedience with the good, whereby each individual has to aim to work and perfect his natural disposition in sake of perfection.
  • Concludes that both authors tackled the concept of happiness from their own perspective, but were influenced by the same islamic theology.
  • Explains that happiness is an intangible state of mind that all humans aim to conquer.
  • Explains that islamic theology defines the notion of happiness and structures ways of achieving it for both body and soul. the quran expresses the soul as the unit that achieves happiness.
  • Analyzes how al farabi believes that man was created to attain the highest happiness. he emphasizes that happiness cannot be attained without the aid or help of other individuals in his community.
  • Analyzes how alfarabi emphasizes voluntary obedience with the good, whereby each individual has to aim to work and perfect his natural disposition in sake of perfection.
  • Concludes that both authors tackled the concept of happiness from their own perspective, but were influenced by the same islamic theology.
  • Describes majid al-farabi, founder of islamic neoplatonism, and his life, works and influence.
  • Explains that supreme happiness is dependent on man's good work in his life, but al-ihsan is responsible for allowing him to attain a happy earthly life.
  • Analyzes how alfarabi's city is strictly centralized in outlook and action.
  • Explains that supreme happiness is dependent on man's good work in his life, but al-ihsan is responsible for allowing him to attain a happy earthly life.
  • Analyzes how alfarabi's city is strictly centralized in outlook and action.
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