The Concentric Zone Model: The ZONE I Is Changed?

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The rapid growth of urban cities and its impact of urban dwellers have been given much attention. Urbanization is closely linked to modernization, industrialization and the sociological process of rationalization (Angel, 2012). Urbanization as we know began with the industrial revolution in the 18th century and has only been on the rise ever since our cities have been luring people for various reasons, the basic one being the hope for a better life.


The concentric zone model is a model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in series of rings. First it explains the distribution of different social groups within urban areas. The size of rings may vary
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In the urban city of Calabar where I were I was raised, different concentric zone models were observed. Starting from the low class settlement distanced away from central market and hub of business centre is the Calabar South zone where small businesses thrive, poor access to good infrastructure and poor environmental degradation boom. In the second group is the affluent households known for commercial business and high commute along with government offices situated closely to each other as a channel of well - organized urban zone called the MARIAN HIILL. And finally was the outskirt area from the city centre called the HIGHWAY PLAINS, here contains the upper class who distanced themselves from the city business centre. Here estates are built in patterns for old affluent citizens who has enjoyed the city centre in the past and at certain age decides to resort to a quieter life from the rushing and busy city…show more content…
Few markets where operative but less commercialization in the city as most of the citizens where civil servants who commute to work within the city. There was no expansion and most areas where rain forest zones with less residents. The quality of housing was very poor and families lived in a closed structure pattern. The traditional city of older generation did not have so much industrialization while the poor sanitation continued to expand into new areas of metropolis. The housing structures were not compare to what is erected recently, following the city plan to install modernized facilities while making it a HUB for business. The traditional chiefs had more liberty as the where also holding seats of power. Financial institutions were low scheme operating as community banks and Thrift society, thus trade and investment were minimal in this period.


Spurned by the oil boom prosperity and the massive improvements in roads and the availability of vehicles. Nigeria since the start of democratic rule has become increasingly urbanized and urban-oriented society.

The Federal Capital City being ABUJA, is the capital city of Nigeria where the seat of power is located and the arms of government
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