The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx

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Since the inception of communism in the early 1840’s, the idea has created turmoil and instilled fear in both the western world and eastern world alike. This philosophy, created by Karl Marx in his novel The Communist Manifesto has started wars, created a massive decline in productivity and destroyed the liberty of many deserving citizens. Leaders of communism, including Hugo Chavez and Joseph Stalin, have perfected the art of exploitation of the mind through mob mentality, or the human tendency to take on certain emotional, violent behaviors in large groups. Arthur Miller in the play The Crucible and Ray Bradbury in his novel Fahrenheit 451 critique the negative effects of communism, especially the mob mentality its leaders create in referencing a similar past, historical event and a possible future consequence. A unique characteristic of mob mentality is decline of thought and reason. Communist leaders often took advantage of this lack of thought and reason and used it as a method of gaining greater power with their followers. These followers then spread their fraudulent ideas, which often added greater fire to their passionate causes. This characteristic, exemplified in their own time period by McCarthyism, inspired both Miller and Bradbury to create their works. Bradbury, unsettled by the McCarthy trials, critiques the negative effects of communism in his projection of the near future. This near future involves a suppression of knowledge rooted in a ban on all books. Government leaders suppress citizens by creating a “safe bubble” free of poverty, boredom, and hunger. In this bubble, people are unaware of both the rest of the world that struggles with various hardships and their past, of that which also suffered from these ... ... middle of paper ... ...: Del Rey Book, 1991. Print. Marino, Stephen. “Arthur Miller’s ‘Weight of Truth’ in The Crucible.” Modern Drama 38.4 (Winter 1995): 488-495. Rpt in Drama Criticism. Vol 31. Detroit: Gale, 2008 Literature Resource Center. Web. 6 Jan. 2014 McGiveron, Rafeeq O. “What ‘Carried the Trick’? Mass Exploitation and the Decline of Thought in Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451.” Extrapolation 37.3 (Fall 1996). 245-256. Rpt in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Jeffery W. Hunter. Vol 235. Detroit: Gale, 2007. Literature Resource Center. Web. 6 Jan. 2014 Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York, NY: Penguin, 1953. Print. Sisario, Peter. “A Study of the Allusions in Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451”. English Journal 59.2 (Feb. 1970): 201-205. Rpt in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Deborah A. Stanley. Vol 98. Detroit: Gale Research, 1997. Literature Resource Center. Web. 19 Dec. 2013
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