After World War II, the United States designed the Marshall plan in order to provide economic help to the Europe and Russia. However the Soviet Union declined their offer and did not accept the help that the United States had offered giving more tension to the two. Later stating that the United States did not offer enough help for the Soviet Union, when they actually did. America is also at fault for trying to interfere with the way the Stalin ran Russia. It was his choice to conform to communism over his people just like the United States decided on capitalism.
When the war ended these conflicts ended up in the two countries not trusting each other. After the war the Soviet Union fast expansion in Eastern Europe made many Americans fear that the Russians had a plan to control the world. At the same time, the USSR perceived that Americans intervening in international conflicts with a hostile way, none of these two countries have completely the blame for starting the Cold War, they both took place in starting the cold war. There also many other causes that started the Cold War like: the American fearing a communist attack, Truman disliking Stalin, the Soviet Union fear of the American atomic bomb, USSR’s disliking capitalism, America refusing to share nuclear secrets, the USSR feari... ... middle of paper ... ...ems and growing political ferment in the Soviet Union, Premier Mikhail Gorbachev took charge in 1985 and introduced two policies that redefined Russia’s relationship to the rest of the world: “glasnost,” or political openness, and “perestroika,” or economic reform. Soviet influence in Eastern Europe waned.
After World War II, the US and Soviet Union became enemies and entered a Cold War. The two countries had been allies in the fight against Nazi Germany but tension developed as the two countries emerged from the war as global powers. The allies had teamed up because of need, not desire. As the Soviet Union sought to spread communism, capitalist America adopted a policy of containment. Their growing suspicions of each other led to the Cold War, an indirect conflict that stemmed from a fear of nuclear destruction and was fought by each country supporting different international conflicts through aid and acquisition.
In so doing, it will emerge that the major participants of the Cold War, the US and the USSR fought in an ideological battle of supremacy. Each of the nations wanted to dominate and thus, each fought to influence other like-minded states to support it in its course (Reim 53). It was just unfortunate that the strategies of the Communist USSR did not work out, and the U.S. and its capitalist ideology triumphed in the end. This saw the disintegration of the fifteen states that formed the USSR. The term Cold War initially used by the British writer George Orwell in 1945 in an attempt to express the worldview, beliefs and social struc... ... middle of paper ... ...iet Union collapsed.
After WWII ended the Soviet Union began to do its expansion into Eastern Europe. This feed the paranoia of America thinking that the Soviet Union wanted to take over the world. The Soviets did not like the Americans interventional approach to foreign relations. They felt that they should be able to rule their country however they saw fit without being slapped on the hands by an outsider. The fact of the matter is that both sides had their reasons of hating the other and both sides were to blame for cold war and in some respect it might have even been inevitable.
After promises for free elections were broken by the Soviet Union, the already strained relationships between the two superpowers were worsened. In fear of Soviet expansion, the United Stated adapted a new foreign policy of containment, in which they attempted to stop the progress of communism. The Truman Doctrine of 1947 stated that the United States would help any non- communist country resist the pressures of communism. The Marshall Plan involved sending money to help countries recover from World War II, so that they would be less likely to...
Near the end of World War II, both countries saw the other one as a threat. Although they were Allies during the war, the idea of power and the flipside, the threat of power divided them and they became enemies. The Soviets wanted a buffer zone between themselves and the West in case of an invasion. Having control over their satellite states, a ‘Iron Curtain’ was created between them and the superpowers to the West to protect them. The United States saw communism as a threat to their capitalist system.
There are other factors contributing to the cause of the Cold War, such as Josef Stalin’s dictatorship and suspicious behavior, the USSR’s insecurity of a further attack as with World War II and the USA’s need to keep trade routes available in parts of the world that could not be done if that country was communist. Although these factors are viable, the Cold War was due to ideological differences as these other opinions contain aspects of ideology too. Such as, Stalin’s suspicion was of capitalism and the USA needed trade routes in countries that were not communism. The U... ... middle of paper ... ...as the Marshall Plan to increase the influence of capitalism and the USA in countries who needed aid and economic recovery. In this way, communism would be limited.
Discussion of the Causes of the Cold War The cold war was a direct result of many causes. The leaders of the world could not agree on very much and lead the world into the cold war. During the second world war, Britain, France, USA and the Soviet Union had all been allies, fighting against Germany. After World War Two, Britain, France and the Usa had become enemies of the Soviets. The Cold War was caused by several events.
There are several who have a different approach of whether it’s the U.S or the Soviets’ fault for causing the Cold War. In reality, they have always had clashing ideologies and different structures of government that have played a major role in leading them to embark upon such a distrustful relationship. Furthermore, the Soviets distrusted the U.S way before WWII when they intervened in the Russian Civil War and didn’t recognize the Soviet Union until 1933. As a result, during and after WWII, the Soviets were determined to dominate European countries with their own political agenda to become the hegemonic power and believed the U.S. had the same motive. However, the U.S was more eager on protecting these Eastern countries from communist influence and sustaining stability throughout these regions.