The Cold War : Soviet Union And The United States

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The Cold War is the rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States that followed World War II and shaped world politics between 1945 and 1989. There are many things that could have set off the start of the Cold War. Some historians believe that it was one thing and other people may believe that it was something else that had set it off. There are many origins or causes of the Cold War. The Cold War began in 1945 and ended in 1991. According to the World History book, Heonik Kwon said the origins of the Cold War are an unsettled issue that continues to engender instructive debate among historians. The term Cold War refers to the prevailing condition of the world in the 2nd half of the 20th century, divided into 2 separate paths of political modernity and economic development. The contest of power and will between the two dominant states, the United States and the Soviet Union. They set out to rule the world between them under an undeclared state of war, being unable to conquer one another. The origin is not merely a question of time, but also a moral question: which side of the bipolarized human community was more responsible for bringing about the global order and engendering political and military crisis? To those who trace the war’s origin to earlier years, the blame is equally to the belligerent, strongly anti-communist southern regime. In the wider terrain, to the cold war’s temporal identity continues to be revised as to the question of its origin. Conventional knowledge associates the origin of the Cold War with the end of World War II and the breakdown of the wartime alliance between the Western powers and the Soviet state. (Kwon, 1001-1003) The Cold War was between the world’s two military powers- the United S... ... middle of paper ... ...echnology and an unpopular war drained scarce resources. Suddenly, in 1989, the Soviet Empire collapsed and the Cold War came to an abrupt end. The USSR itself slowly dissolved, finally disappearing by January 1, 1992. The Cold War began the atomic age and transformed international power politics. The two new superpowers, the Soviet Union and the United States, each built massive atomic arsenals, replacing the former European leadership and facing off in a Cold War that menaced the entire world. The Cold War saturated everyday life, producing a culture of bomb shelters, spies, and witch-hunts. Yet within this atmosphere of division and nuclear rivalry an astonishing worldwide recovery occurred. New housing, transport, and industrial rebuilding-often sponsored by a burgeoning welfare state and using wartime technology made many people healthier and more prosperous.
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