The Cold War formed political, social, and economic struggles that impacted the two world superpowers, the United States and Soviet Union. The war began in 1947 at the end of WWII and lasted until the fall of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991. During the 1950’s, the United States and USSR began their fight in space to prove who had better technology, military firepower, and also stronger social, political, and economic systems. Due to the political, social, and economic changes during the Space Race, the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union began to drift apart. During the Cold War both the United States and Soviet Union were so caught up in the war that they formed tension within their relationship.
It was a difficult moment in the late 1950s in America. The Cold Ward was heating up on a political level. Suddenly, that all ended when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957. This was the world’s first artificial satellite to orbit around Earth (Holland 112). As Todd Gitlin puts it, “When the Russians launched the first intercontinental ballistic missile and Sputnik in 1957, they blasted the national pride and stoked a national panic in America” (112).
After World War II, the capitalist U.S. and the communist U.S.S.R. developed a long period of tension and rivalry, commonly referred to as “The Cold War.” In our history class we learned that this rivalry led to a competition in space between the two superpowers to prove which one had the best economic system, military, science, and technology. This competition became known as “The Space Race.” It all started on October 4, 1957, when the U.S.S.R. launched Sputnik 1 into space. The Sputnik (“traveler” in Russian) was the first satellite made by mankind. It consisted in a small beeping metal ball, with a diameter of less than two feet and a weight of less than 200 pounds. The ball was small, but it started a big space race between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.
The United States and the Soviets made nuclear rockets to test there capability in traveling half way around the world, they were known as intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs. The nuclear rockets began the technology advancement in NASA program (Evans). The space exploration was a distraction from nuclear war and weapons. The space race raised cold war tensions, and made the United States work harder for success against the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union launched a surprise missile the "Sputnik" on October 4, 1957, to orbit the Earth meanwhile initiating the competition between the two countries.
Finally in October 1957, the USSR launched Sputnik into space. Thus began years of rivalry for control of outer space called the Space Race. This paper seeks to answer the question of which country won the Space Race. The answer to the question of who won the Space Race might be controversial, and it all depends on who you ask the question.It is an understanding that “mankind’s access to new frontiers has always been a major factor in in the future success of societies that exploited the opportunities when they arose ”(Richardson). The United States was obsessed with space technology flexing its muscles at acquiring more arsenals albeit to expand supremacy.
And thus, the birth of the National Aeronautic Space Association (NASA). NASA was created during the Cold War as the United States competed with the Soviet Union to discover a world beyond our knowledge. NASA was an association created to ‘one-up’ the Soviet Union during the 1960’s. While the Cold War was consuming the public’s attention, scientists searched for a more effective way to use the atomic bomb. It was soon discovered that launching a rocket from space could easily reach any nation on earth and so begun the “Space Race”.
Ranger 7 marked a turning point in America's exploration of space. Af... ... middle of paper ... ...tes and the Soviet Union to see who could make the furthest development into space first. Creating NASA that lead to build new technologies during the Space Race, was proved because it helped U.S protect itself and today it still affect us in being able to accomplish our dreams. From President Kennedy’s contribution to the program to building Ranger Missions and Rockets Programs made America one of the most powerful and advanced country in the world. The Space Race not just only created shuttles, it created things we used now on daily basis like water purification, chemical detection, solar cells, and many more.
This was what started the space race between the United States and Russia. This event startled the world by giving the impression that America was behind the Soviets in science and technology. The Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo programs would follow in rapid sequences as the American space program raced to catch up with the Soviets. In 1969, the race essenti... ... middle of paper ... ...with the proper equipment and there are other planets outside the earth and what their atmospheres consist of. The Soviet Union learned that it is possible for the sun to power an object (solar power) and the missiles that help launch the satellites can be used as military weapons that can be guided.
The “Space Race” of the 1960’s between the US and Russia was very expensive but it yielded a tremendous number of technological advances. It has long been said that the exploration of the cosmos should be secondary to more important things like resolutions to problems on Earth. However, as scientists and engineers reach further and further out into the outer limits of the stars, they gain equally substantial insight on how to solve problems on Earth. The first moon landing brought Unity to America but it also led to conspiracy. Even though it happened in 1969, the first moon landing had a lasting effect on the world.
On October 4, 1957 the Soviet Union altered history and launched Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth. After the Soviet Union had launched Sputnik the United States started to worry that America may had been falling behind. In retaliation to the fear of the United States not being the most advanced and imperial nation, the United States created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to advance space knowledge. It also passed the National Defense Education Act (NDEA) that promoted the study of mathematics, science, and foreign languages with funds from the government. After Sputnik was launched into space the "Space Race" had begun, a race to the moon that John Kennedy made a priority.