The Cold War Between The United States And The Soviet Union

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During the late 1940s, Germany became ground zero and proxy for an incubating Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. The brewing adversity between the two superpowers would eventually spawn desperate defensive alliances, the first being the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949 led by the United States followed by the Warsaw Pact in 1955 by the Soviet Union. In addition to those defensive and military alliances, it also represented an adversarial collision of economic and political ideologies at extreme opposite ends of the spectrum. As a consequence, an inevitable conflict would carry on for the ensuing forty years with many incidents en route. One of those, triggered by West Germany 's admission into the NATO alliance, ostensibly became viewed by the Soviets as a deliberate provocation and put a face on this conflict like never before. Following World War II, the countries of France, Britain and the United States together with the Soviet Union divided Germany into four regions with a commensurate occupation. Germany would soon become partitioned as two separate states known as East Germany, estranged by the Soviet Iron Curtain with a fortified border, and West Germany controlled by the remaining countries. What’s more, the country found itself divided by incompatible political ideology traveling in opposite directions. As a result, a burgeoning and prosperous democracy would quickly develop in West Germany while the economic realities of an oppressive communist regime would rule East Germany. Positioned in the midst of this dichotomous environment was the former capital of Germany known as Berlin, where it lingered as a remnant or bastion of relative autonomy due to its treatment under joint... ... middle of paper ... ...pean Union have poured several trillion dollars over the past twenty-five years in a massive revitalization effort still largely a work in progress. Those efforts have created an extensive infrastructure throughout the country, including schools, hospitals, power plants, roads and even refurbishing historical sites. And while a broad spectrum of progress has been clearly evident, the now former Eastern Block country still lags significantly behind their once former neighbor on any comparable standard of living and will likely remain for many years accordingly. The Berlin Wall remains a testament to how expensive inaction can become as there were over sixteen million people affected and hundreds that died trying to escape over that wall for their freedom. That inaction represents just as much a strategic decision as one elicited from an overt action, does it not?
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